Browse wiki

Jump to: navigation, search
Ocimum tenuiflorum
Ailment Common cold  + , Headaches  + , Stomach disorders  + , Inflammation  + , Heart disease  + , Poisoning  + , Malaria  +
Ailment type Infectious diseases  + , Pains and Inflammation  + , Systemic disorders  + , Organ-specific disorders  +
Biotic zone Northeastern Himalayas + , Northwestern Himalayas + , Eastern Ghats + , Western Ghats + , Central Deccan Plateau + , East Coast + , West Coast + , Indo-Gangetic Plain + , Thar Desert and Rann of Kutchch + , Outlying Islands +
Bloom type annual + , Perennial +
Class Eudicots (Unranked) +
Commercial application Human consumption  + , Medicinal use  + , Ornamental use  + , Religious use  +
Common Indian names तुलसी Tulsi (Hindi); तुळस Tulas (Marathi); तुलसी Tulasi (Assamese); Tulasi (Bengali); Thulasi (Kannada); Thulasi (Tamil); Tulasi (Telugu); Brynda (Telugu); Gaappaara Chettu (Telugu)  +
Common hindi name तुलसी Tulsi  +
Common name Holy Basil, Indian Basil  +
Division/Phylum Angiosperms (Unranked) +
Family Lamiaceae +
Flower color Lavender/Purple  +
Food plant part Leaves  +
Food use Yes  +
Genus Ocimum +
Habitat details This plant is found all across India in a wide range of habitats. In the Himalayas, it is found upto 1800m altitude. Tulsi generally prefers moist soils.  +
Header caption Image of flower pods of Tulsi, taken at Salem, Tamil Nadu  +
Header image Tulsi flowers pods.jpg  +
IUCN status Not Evaluated  +
Introdescription ''Ocimum tenuiflorum'' or Tulsi is one of the most sacred plants in Hinduism. The plant has several medicinal properties. It is found throughout India.  +
Medicinal significance Yes  +
Medicinal system Ayurveda + , Folk Medicine + , Modern Medicine +
Medicinal use description High content of secondary metabolites in lHigh content of secondary metabolites in leaves makes it suitable for treatment of several conditions. 90% ethanol extract of leaves has been shown to be hepato-protective in rats. Oral administration of this extract lowers blood sugar level in rats. Some of the main constituents of Tulsi are Oleanolic acid, Ursolic acid, Rosmarinic acid, Eugenol, Carvacrol, Linalool, and β-caryophyllene which can have anti-histaminic, anti-pyretic properties. In traditional medicine, aqueous extract of Tulsi leaves is used for common colds and fever . Tulsi powder is also used for treating jaundice and for alleviating blood pressure.undice and for alleviating blood pressure.  +
Native species Yes  +
Order Lamiales +
Page creation date 7 June 2010  +
Plant clinical studies Yes  +
Plant clinical study details In one clinical study from 1983, it was foIn one clinical study from 1983, it was found that in patients suffering from viral encephalitis, the aqueous extract of leaves led to higher survival rate than steroid-treated patients. The incidence of neurological deficit was also found to be low in treated patients. also found to be low in treated patients.  +
Plant commercial Yes  +
Plant commercial part Bark  + , Leaves  +
Plant medicinal part Leaves  + , Seeds  +
Plant toxic effect details LD50 of the leaf extract in mice is 3.75g/kg, when provided intra-peritoneally.  +
Plant toxic effects Yes  +
Plant type Herb  +
Propagation method Seeds  +
Regnum Plantae +
Religious significance Yes  +
Religious use description Tulsi, which is Sanskrit for "the incomparTulsi, which is Sanskrit for "the incomparable one", is worshiped throughout India, most often regarded as a consort of Vishnu in the form of Mahalakshmi. There are two types of Tulsi worshiped in Hinduism—"Rama Tulsi" has light green leaves and is larger in size; "Krishna Tulsi" has dark green leaves and is important for the worship of Vishnu. Many Hindus have tulsi plants growing in front of or near their home, often in special Tulsi pots. It is also frequently grown next to Vishnu temples, especially in Varanasi. In the ceremony of Tulsi Vivah, Tulsi is ceremonially married to Vishnu annually on the eleventh bright day or twelfth of the month of Kartika in the lunisolar calendar. That day also marks the end of the four month cāturmāsya period, which is considered inauspicious for weddings and other rituals, and so the day inaugurates the annual marriage season in India. The ritual lighting of lamps each evening during Kartika includes the worship of the Tulsi plant, which is considered auspicious for the home. Vaishnavas especially follow the daily worship of Tulsi during Kartika. Vaishnavas traditionally use japa malas made from tulsi stems or roots, which are an important symbol of initiation. Tulsi malas are considered to be auspicious for the wearer, and believed to put them under the protection of Vishnu or Krishna. They have such a strong association with Vaishnavas, that followers of Vishnu have long been called "those who bear the tulasi round the neck".those who bear the tulasi round the neck".  +
Species name w:Ocimum tenuiflorum +
State Assam  + , Andhra Pradesh  + , Andaman and Nicobar Islands  + , Bihar  + , Goa  + , Gujarat  + , Haryana  + , Himachal Pradesh  + , Jammu and Kashmir  + , Jharkhand  + , Karnataka  + , Kerala  + , Madhya Pradesh  + , Maharashtra  + , Orissa  + , Punjab  + , Rajasthan  + , Tamil Nadu  + , Tripura  + , Uttarakhand  + , Uttar Pradesh  + , West Bengal  +
User ID User:Gauravm + , User:Manasiapte +
Water need Average  +
Has queryThis property is a special property in this wiki. Ocimum tenuiflorum + , Ocimum tenuiflorum + , Ocimum tenuiflorum + , Ocimum tenuiflorum + , Ocimum tenuiflorum + , Ocimum tenuiflorum + , Ocimum tenuiflorum + , Ocimum tenuiflorum + , Ocimum tenuiflorum + , Ocimum tenuiflorum + , Ocimum tenuiflorum + , Ocimum tenuiflorum + , Ocimum tenuiflorum +
Categories Pages with broken file links  + , Stubs  + , Plants  + , Species page  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 24 November 2010 03:59:20  +
hide properties that link here 
Holy Basil + , Ocimum sanctum + , Tulsi + redirect page


Enter the name of the page to start browsing from.