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Taxon level Order
Taxon name Lamiales
Closely related taxa Solanales, Gentianales, Garryales, Asterales, Apiales, Dipsacales, Aquifoliales Tree of Life
Taxon details Species in this order probably arose ~70-100 million years ago based on various estimates. Lamiales contain ~12% of eudicot diversity. Well-known or economically important members of this order include lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, the ash tree, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, and a number of table herbs such as mint, basil, and rosemary. Mobot, Wikipedia
Taxon morphology details Members of this species are herbaceous or shrubby, have mono-symmetric flowers and numerous small seeds. Species in this order typically have the following characteristics, although there are exceptions to all of them - 1) superior ovary composed of two fused carpels 2) five petals fused into a tube 3) bilaterally symmetrical, often bilabiate corollas and 4) four (or fewer) fertile stamens Mobot, Wikipedia
Species belonging to this taxon Andrographis paniculata, Barleria prionitis (Porcupine flower), Hygrophila auriculata (Hygrophila, Temple plant, Marsh Barbel), Jasminum officinale (Common Jasmine, Poet's Jasmine, Spanish Jasmine), Jasminum sambac (Jasmine), Justicia adhatoda (Malabar Nut), Justicia procumbens (Water willow, Shrimp plant), Martynia diandra (Devil's Claws, Tiger's Claw), Ocimum tenuiflorum (Holy Basil, Indian Basil), Phlogacanthus curviflorus (Wild Nongmangkha), Phlogacanthus thyrsiformis, Sesamum indicum (Sesame)

Mobot (Web):, Accessdate=2010-09-27

Wikipedia (Web): Wikipedia entry on Lamiales, Accessdate=2010-09-27

Tree of Life (Web): Tree of Life web project Asterids entry, Accessdate=2010-09-27