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Documenting the primary producers of the living world

Recently added plant species

The Plant species pages which were recently created are listed here automatically.
Coriandrum sativum (Coriander, धनिया Dhaniya •), Boswellia serrata (Indian Olibanum, Kundur, Luban, Salai), Ensete superbum (Rock banana, Wild plantain, जंगली केला jungli kela), Anacyclus pyrethrum (Pellitory, Spanish chamomile, Mount Atlas daisy), Butea monosperma (Flame of the Forest, Butea Kino, Bastard Teak, पलाश), Aloe vera (Aloe vera, Medicinal aloe, Burn plant, Gheekumari घीकुमारी), Syzygium cumini (Java plum, Jamun, जामुन Jamun), Eucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian Blue Gum, Southern Blue Gum, Blue Gum), Embelia ribes (Embelia, False Black Pepper, False Pepper, Vayavidnag, Baberang), Cyperus squarrosus, Allium sativum (Cultivated Garlic, लेह्सन Lehsan), Aegle marmelos (Bel, Beli fruit, Bengal quince, Stone apple, Wood apple, बेल Bel), Crocus sativus (Saffron, केसर Kesar), Macrotyloma uniflorum (Horse gram, Madras gram, Kulith कुळीथ (Marathi)), Eclipta prostrata … further results

A total of 303 plant species in the database as of this moment. 104 have some information filled in.

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Lotus Nelumbo nucifera Flower Close 2048px.jpg
Sacred Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera), which is the national flower of India, has these very beautiful flowers which bloom in the morning and close at night, to bloom again in the morning. These plants are pollinated by beetles and other insects. In order to attract these insects, the flower not only produces fragrance, but also heat. Since these flowers grow on water, the heat makes the internal floral chamber much warmer than its surroundings. Interestingly, for producing this heat, the Lotus flower uses an alternative respiratory pathway involving an Alternative Oxidase (AOX) enzyme. This enzyme, instead of using the electrons generated in respiratory process to make water (as it happens regularly), releases them as heat. This simple bypass allows the plant to emit heat thereby allowing the plant to attract its pollinators.

Several groups of plants use this strategy to attract their pollinators and are called thermogenic plants.

Citation: Seymour and Schutze-Motel, Thermoregulating Lotus flowers, Nature 383, 305 (26 September 1996); doi:10.1038/383305a0

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