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Mangifera indica
Ailment Diarrhea  + , Dysentery  + , Urethritis  + , Rheumatism  + , Diphtheria  + , Scabies  + , Hemorrhages  + , Hemorrhoids  + , Fever  + , Chest pains  + , Diabetes  + , Hypertension  + , Toothaches  +
Ailment type Infectious diseases  + , Nutritional deficiencies  + , Systemic disorders  + , Organ-specific disorders  +
Biotic zone Northeastern Himalayas + , Northwestern Himalayas + , Eastern Ghats + , Western Ghats + , Central Deccan Plateau + , East Coast + , West Coast + , Indo-Gangetic Plain + , Outlying Islands +
Bloom type Perennial +
Class Magnoliopsida +
Commercial application Human consumption  + , Medicinal use  + , Ornamental use  + , Religious use  +
Commercial use description Mango is used in several cooking preparations. Fruit pulp is used for making chutneys, pickles, sweets and juices. Mango leaves are used for making garlands for religious occasions in Hinduism.  +
Common Indian names आम Am (Hindi); Heinou (Manipuri); மா Ma (Tamil); Mamidi (Telugu); Mangga (Malayalam); Mavina mara (Kannada); Amba अंबा (Marathi); Ambo आंबॉ (Konkani)  +
Common hindi name आम Am  +
Common name Mango  +
Cultivation details Major pests are mango fly, mango shoot catMajor pests are mango fly, mango shoot caterpillar, mites, scales and thrips. Mango trees are also affected by mango decline, a problem associated with micronutrient deficiency. Diseases include: anthracnose, which affects fruits, inflorescences and foliage; powdery mildew on inflorescences; and mango scab . Internal breakdown of the fruit is an important problem, the cause of which has not yet been determined. Alga spot attacks flowers, young fruit, twigs and leaves.ks flowers, young fruit, twigs and leaves.  +
Division/Phylum Angiospermae (Unranked) +
Endemic Eastern Ghats false  +
Endemic Himalayan false  +
Endemic Western Ghats false  +
Family Anacardiaceae +
Flower color White  +
Food plant part Leaves  + , Flower  + , Fruit  +
Food use Yes  +
General morphology
Genus Mangifera +
Header caption Banganpalli Mango variety from Karnataka  +
Header image GntMango2.jpg  +
IUCN status Data Deficient  +
Introdescription ''Mangifera indica'' or Mango is a very po''Mangifera indica'' or Mango is a very popular fruit in India and all parts of the world. It is famous for its bright yellow color and exquisite taste. The most popular variety of Indian mango is the "Alphonso".It is a crop of great economic importance to India and is cultivated in many parts of the country.s cultivated in many parts of the country.  +
Leaf phyllotaxy Alternate  +
Leaf shape Oblanceolate  +
Medicinal molecular basis Yes  +
Medicinal molecular basis description Mangiferin, 1,3,6,7-tetrahydroxyxanthone-C2-beta-D-glucoside, is a xanthone derivative which has been proposed to have antiviral, antiproliferative and antioxidant properties. It has gastroprotective and anti-diabetic activities too.  +
Medicinal significance Yes  +
Medicinal system Ayurveda + , Folk Medicine +
Medicinal use description The twigs and leaves, used to clean the teThe twigs and leaves, used to clean the teeth, are said to be beneficial to the gums, while the bark is said to be useful for toothaches. The astringent stomachic bark is also used for internal hemorrhages, bronchitis, and catarrh. The resin is used for cracked feet, ringworm, and other fungi, syphilis, and to induce sweating. Smoke from the burning leaves is believed to cure various throat disorders, from asthma to hiccups. Dried mango flowers, containing 15% tannin, serve as astringents in cases of diarrhea, chronic dysentery, catarrh of the bladder and chronic urethritis resulting from gonorrhea. Green fruits are considered anticholeric (baked and mixed with sugar and taken internally and also rubbed over the body), antidysmenorrheic, antiscorbutic, astringent, and diaphoretic. Roasted green fruits are dissolved in sugar water and taken internally to prevent sunstroke. Ripe fruits are considered diuretic, laxative, and unguent. A gruel made of the seeds is taken internally for bleeding piles. The wood is favored for making shovels. The bark contains mangiferine and is astringent and employed against rheumatism and diphtheria in India. The resinous gum from the trunk is applied on cracks in the skin of the feet and on scabies, and is believed helpful in cases of syphilis. Mango kernel decoction and powder (not tannin-free) are used as vermifuges and as astringents in diarrhea, hemorrhages and bleeding hemorrhoids. The fat is administered in cases of stomatitis. Extracts of unripe fruits and of bark, stems and leaves have shown antibiotic activity. In some of the islands of the Caribbean, the leaf decoction is taken as a remedy for diarrhea, fever, chest complaints, diabetes, hypertension and other ills. A combined decoction of mango and other leaves is taken after childbirth.nd other leaves is taken after childbirth.  +
Modern scientific knowledge description On NCBI, mostly ribosomal ITS2 sequences and microsatellite marker sequences are available. Research has also focused on medicinal properties of Mangiferin, a xanthoid derivative obtained from Mango leaves.  +
Name meaning The word Mango is supposedly derived from The word Mango is supposedly derived from the Malayalam word Mangga, through the Portuguese word Manga. Mango has been cultivated for several centuries in South-East Asia. The species appears to have been domesticated about 4,000 years ago. The species was first moved around 400-500 BC from northeastern India to east Asia; next, in the 15th century to the Philippines; and then, in the 16th century to Africa and Brazil by the Portuguese.The species was described for science by Linnaeus in 1753. It is the National fruit of both Pakistan and India respectively, it finds mention in the songs of 4th century AD Sanskrit poet, Kalidasa, prior to it is believed to have been tasted by Alexander (3rd century BC) and Chinese pilgrim, Hieun Tsang (7th century CE). Later in 16th century Mughal Emperor, Akbar planted 100,000 mango trees in Darbhanga, Bihar at a place now known as Lakhi Bagh, Bihar at a place now known as Lakhi Bagh  +
Native species Yes  +
Order Sapindales +
Page creation date 29 May 2010  +
Plant commercial Yes  +
Plant commercial part Leaves  + , Fruit  +
Plant cultivation state Goa  + , Gujarat  + , Karnataka  + , Kerala  + , Maharashtra  + , Uttar Pradesh  +
Plant height More than 10 feet  +
Plant medicinal part Stem  + , Bark  + , Leaves  + , Flower  + , Other  +
Plant type Woody (Tree/Shrub)  +
Propagation method Seeds  +
Regnum Plantae +
Religious occasion Hindu Puja + , Diwali +
Religious significance Yes  +
Species name w:Mangifera indica +
State Assam  + , Andhra Pradesh  + , Arunachal Pradesh  + , Bihar  + , Chhatisgarh  + , Delhi  + , Goa  + , Gujarat  + , Himachal Pradesh  + , Jharkhand  + , Karnataka  + , Kerala  + , Madhya Pradesh  + , Maharashtra  + , Manipur  + , Meghalaya  + , Mizoram  + , Orissa  + , Punjab  + , Rajasthan  + , Sikkim  + , Tamil Nadu  + , Tripura  + , Uttarakhand  + , Uttar Pradesh  + , West Bengal  +
User ID User:Supriyak + , User:Gauravm +
Has queryThis property is a special property in this wiki. Mangifera indica + , Mangifera indica + , Mangifera indica + , Mangifera indica + , Mangifera indica + , Mangifera indica + , Mangifera indica + , Mangifera indica + , Mangifera indica + , Mangifera indica + , Mangifera indica + , Mangifera indica + , Mangifera indica +
Categories Pages with a map rendered by the Maps extension  + , Plants  + , Species page  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 21 November 2010 00:33:40  +
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