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Abelmoschus moschatus +The plant is native to India. It is an aromatic, medicinally important species. It is used as an antidote for snake bites, due to its anti-spasmodic activity. It is also used as an insecticide, as an aphrodisiac and in perfume industry. (Source: Flowers of India)  +
Abutilon indicum +Abutilon indicum (Indian Abutilon, Indian Mallow; is a small shrub in the ''Malvaceae'' family, native to tropic and subtropical regions and sometimes cultivated as an ornamental. This plant is often used as a medicinal plant and is considered invasive on certain tropical islands. (Wikipedia)  +
Acacia catechu +''Acacia catechu'' also commonly called ''Mimosa catechu'', is a deciduous, thorny tree which grows up to 15 m (50 ft) in height. The plant is called katha in Hindi, and kachu in Malay, hence Latin "Catechu" for this type species from which the extracts cutch and catechu are derived. It is found in Asia, China, India and the Indian Ocean area. Through derivatives of the flavanols in its extracts, the species has lent its name to the important catechins, catechols and catecholamines of chemistry and biology. (Source:Wikipedia)  +
Acacia concinna +''Acacia concinna'' or Shikakai is used in India in a variety of hair-care products. The bark of the plant contains a high level of Saponins which give the extract a foaming and cleansing characteristic. It belongs to the ''Acacia'' genus which has over 1100 members around the world.(AHS Encyclopedia)  +
Acacia nilotica +This tree is a native to Africa. Many tribes in Africa use it for medicinal purposes such as to treat cough, diarrhoea, dysentry etc. The tree is thorny and makes a good hedge for agricultural fields to keep out grazing animals. ''Acacia nilotica'' is considered an invasive species in some parts of the world (eg: Australia) as it grows very well even under low water conditions. (Source: Wikipedia)  +
Acacia sinuata +''Acacia sinuata'' or Piquant Sappan is a plant closely related to ''Acacia concinna'' or Shikakai. The plant is used for its high saponin content in many haircare products. Pods are used for making marks on forehead in Hinduism. (Source:Himalaya Healthcare monograph)  +
Achillea millefolium +''Achillea millefolium'' or yarrow is a flowering plant in the family ''Asteraceae'', native to the Northern Hemisphere. In antiquity, yarrow was known as ''herbal militaris'', for its use in staunching the flow of blood from wounds. Yarrows can be planted to combat soil erosion due to the plant's resistance to drought. They are used for human consumption and medicinal uses in many cultures around the world. (Source:Wikipedia)  +
Achyranthes aspera +''Achyranthes aspera'' (Common name: Prickly Chaff Flower, Devil's Horsewhip, Sanskrit: अपामार्ग Apamarga) is a species of plant in the ''Amaranthaceae'' family. It is distributed throughout the tropical world. It can be found in many places growing as an introduced species and a common weed. It is one of the 21 leaves used in the Ganesh Patra Pooja done regularly on Ganesh Chaturthi day. In Uttar Pradesh the plant is used for a great many medicinal purposes, especially in obstetrics and gynecology, including abortion, induction of labor, and cessation of postpartum bleeding. The Maasai people of Kenya use the plant medicinally to treat malaria. (Source:Wikipedia)  +
Acinonyx jubatus +The cheetah (''Acinonyx jubatus'') is an atypical member of the cat family (Felidae) that is unique in its speed, while lacking strong climbing abilities. The species is the only living member of the genus Acinonyx. It is the fastest land animal, reaching speeds between 112 and 120 km/h in short bursts covering distances up to 460 m, and has the ability to accelerate from 0 to 103 km/h in three seconds, faster than most supercars. '''''The word "cheetah" is derived from the Sanskrit word citrakāyaḥ, meaning "variegated", via the Hindi चीता cītā.''''' It is possible, though doubtful, that some cheetahs remain in India. The popular belief is that Cheetahs are extinct in India since 1940s. (Source:Wikipedia)  +
Aconitum palmatum +''Aconitum'' ,known as aconite, monkshood, wolfsbane, leopard's bane, women's bane, Devil's helmet or blue rocket, is a genus of flowering plant belonging to the buttercup family (''Ranunculaceae''). There are over 250 species of ''Aconitum''. (Source:Wikipedia)  +
Acorus calamus +''Acorus calamus'', commonly known as sweet flag or calamus (Sanskrit : Haimavati, हैमवती, Vacha, वचा ) and various rushes and sedges,is a plant from the ''Acoraceae'' family, in the genus ''Acorus''. It is a tall perennial wetland monocot with scented leaves and more strongly scented rhizomes, which have been used medicinally, for its odor, and as an allegedly psychotropic drug. Its Sanskrit name is vacha. Probably indigenous to India, ''Acorus calamus'' is now found across Europe, in southern Russia, northern Asia Minor, southern Siberia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Burma, Sri Lanka, Australia, as well as southern Canada and Northern USA, where it may be mistaken for the native ''Acorus americanus''. (Source:Wikipedia)  +
Acrostichum aureum +''Acrostrichum'' species generally inhabit warm and tropical regions. There are only 2-3 species known. (Source: Cook). This species grows profusely in mangroves and hence is also called Mangrove Fern.  +
Adansonia digitata +''Adansonia digitata'', the baobab, is the most widespread of the Adansonia species on the African continent, found in the hot, dry savannahs of sub-Saharan Africa. It also grows, having spread secondary to cultivation, in populated areas. In India, the tree is found in hot, dry regions of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. (Source:Wikipedia,Plants of India)  +
Aegle marmelos +''Aegle marmelos'' or Bael is a middle sized slender aromatic armed tree native to India and Pakistan. It has since spread to throughout South-east Asia. It is a gum-bearing tree. The tree is used in several cooking preparations in India. It is also important in religious rituals and has medicinal value. In the Hindu religion, the Tri-foliate leaves typical of the Bael is seen as the 3-pronged Trident (Trisula) that Lord Shiva holds in his right hand. The Trident symbolizes his three fundamental Powers (shakti) of Will (iccha), Action (kriya) and Knowledge (jnana). The Trident also symbolizes the past, the present and the future. Almost every Hindu temple in India would have one or more Bael trees in their courtyards.(Source:Wikipedia)  +
Allium sativum +''Allium sativum'', commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion family ''Alliaceae''. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, and rakkyo. Garlic has been used throughout history for both culinary and medicinal purposes. The garlic plant's bulb is the most commonly used part of the plant.  +
Aloe vera +Aloe vera, also known as the true or medicinal aloe, is a species of succulent plant that probably originated in the southern half of the Arabian peninsula, Northern Africa, the Canary islands and Cape Verde. Aloe vera grows in arid climates and is widely distributed in Africa, India and other arid areas. The species is frequently cited as being used in herbal medicine. Many scientific studies of the use of aloe vera have been undertaken, some of them conflicting. Despite these limitations, there is some preliminary evidence that Aloe vera extracts may be useful in the treatment of wound and burn healing, minor skin infections, Sebaceous cyst, diabetes and elevated blood lipids in humans. These positive effects are thought to be due to the presence of compounds such as polysaccharides, mannans, anthraquinones and lectins. (Source:Wikipedia)  +
Alpinia abundiflora +''Alpinia abundiflora'' belongs to the Ginger family ''(Zingiberaceae)''. DNA sequence-based methods have shown that this genus is polyphyletic. It is represented by six clades distributed across the tribe Alpinieae. Further research is needed to specify the taxa in this genus. The plants are native to SE Asia and are grown for their ornamental flashy flowers.  +
Alpinia allughas +''Alpinia allughas'' incorrectly spelled as ''Alpinia allhugas'' belongs to the Ginger family (Zingiberaceae). It is a synonym of the species Alpinia nigra (Gaertn.) B. L. Burtt. DNA sequence-based methods have shown that this genus is polyphyletic. It is represented by six clades distributed across the tribe Alpinieae. Further research is needed to specify the taxa in this genus. The plants are native to SE Asia and are grown for their ornamental flashy flowers.  +
Alpinia aquatica +''Alpinia aquatica'' is a species that likes to grow in ponds and still water bodies.  +
Alpinia calcarata +''Alpinia calcarata'' or Snap Ginger is a plant native to India. It is less common in other parts of the world. Its mainly grown as an ornamental plant.  +
Alpinia roxburghii +''Alpinia roxburghii Sweet'' is the name recognized by the Species 2000 checklist for a variety of ginger family plants which are pheontypically very similar to it. An example is ''Alpinia bracteata''  +
Anacardium occidentale +Cashew is a plant native to Brazil, but is cultivated in tropical regions worldwide. It was imported to India by Portuguese. According to the FAO, India is one of the top five producers of cashew in the world.  +
Anacyclus pyrethrum +''Anacyclus pyrethrum'' (pellitory, Spanish chamomile, or Mount Atlas daisy) is a perennial herb much like chamomile in habitat and appearance. It is found in North Africa, elsewhere in the Mediterranean region, in the Himalayas, in North India, and in Arabian countries. Medicinally, pellitory root has a pungent efficacy in relieving toothache and promoting a free flow of saliva. It induces heat, tingling and redness when applied to the skin.  +
Antilope cervicapra +Blackbuck (''Antilope cervicapra''), is a species of antelope found mainly in India, and also in some parts of southern Nepal, and Pakistan. It is one of the fastest of all terrestrial animals reaching to speeds of up to 80 km/h. According to the Hindu mythology Blackbuck is considered as the vehicle (vahana) of the Moon-goddess Chandrama. According to the Garuda Purana of Hindu Mythology, Krishna Jinka bestows prosperity in the areas where they live. This deer is considered sacred by the Bishnoi tribe in Rajasthan. The blackbuck is under legal protection in India. (Source:Wikipedia)  +
Arctictis binturong +The Binturong (''Arctictis binturong'') is a species of the family Viverridae, which includes the civets and genets. It is the only member of its genus. The binturong is not a bear, and the real meaning of the original name has been lost, as the local language that gave it that name is now extinct. Its natural habitat is in trees of forest canopy in rainforest of South East Asia. It is nocturnal and sleeps on branches. It eats primarily fruit, but also has been known to eat eggs, shoots, leaves, and small animals, such as rodents or birds. Deforestation has greatly reduced its numbers. When cornered, the Binturong can be vicious. (Source:Wikipedia)  +
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