From Biodiversity of India
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|Acacia concinna +||Under glass, plants should be grown in potting mix in full light, plenty of water in growing season and sparing amounts in winter. Outdoors, the plants can be grown in moderately fertile, neutral to acidic soil in full sun. Hard pruning should be avoided. Seeds can be sown in spring when the temperature is more than 18C after soaking in warm water until swollen. Semi ripe root cuttings can be planted in summer. +|
|Barleria prionitis +||Seeds germinate in 13-77 days, grow slowly at first, but then at the rate of around 0.5 m/year. The species is generally considered as a weed in most of its range as it is spiny and not eaten by cattle. The plants can be grown in soil based potting mix with extra compost, in full light. Extreme light can be harmful. When growing, apply balanced liquid fertilizer monthly and water sparingly in winter. (AHS) The plant can also be grown outdoors in well drained soil and in a sunny area (AHS) +|
|Catharanthus roseus +||Plants need well drained soil, good ventilation, full light or partial shade. Water sparingly in winter and moderately in growing season. Pot on or top dress in late winter. Seeds can be sown in late spring. Softwood cuttings can be rooted in late spring. +|
|Cedrus deodara +||Plants need to be grown in open site in full sunlight in a well drained soil. If double leaders are produced, the weaker shoot should be cut in in autumn. Seeds should be sown in spring after temperature goes above 0C. Graft selected cultivars in late summer or winter. +|
|Ceratopteris thalictroides +||It grows best in soil with a pH reading of 5-9 and in very high amounts of light. It usually grows quickly. Ceratopteris thalictroides can benefit well (like all aquatic plants) from the addition of CO2. The plants reproductive technique is similar to other ferns; small plantlets are grown on the mother plant and are then released when ready. It can provide useful shade to shyer fish and small fry. The dense roots are said to take nutrients out of the water helping to prevent the growth of algae. +|
|Elettaria cardamomum +||Cardamom is a shade loving plant (40-60%) cultivated in an altitude of 600 to 1200 m above MSL with an annual rainfall of 1500 to 4000 mm and a temperature range of 10 to 35°C. It is susceptible to wind and hence, gentle sloppy lands facing eastern or northern directions are considered ideal for its cultivation. It is generally grown in the evergreen forests where the surface soil is enriched by the deposition of organic matter due to organic recycling. The cardamom soils are found to be clay loam, distinctly acidic (5.0 to 6.6 pH), rich in organic matter (5.92%) and low in available phosphorous (14.71 kg/ha) and potassium (156.2 kg/ha) depicting the characteristics of the humid tropic soils (Kulkarni et al., 1971). It grows on a variety of soils from white quartz gravel, with only a shallow zone of humus accumulation, to chocolate coloured forest loams extending to considerable depths below the humus layer and red loamy soils. The soil depth is fairly deep with good drainage. Most of the cardamom growing soils are situated in heavy rainfall areas and therefore suffers from leaching of nutrients (Zachariah 1975) +|
|Hiptage benghalensis +||Largest supply from the south zone – chiefly Coorg and Kanara forests. Moderate supplies from North zone. Small supplies from central zone. +|
|Hygrophila auriculata +||The plant can be grown outdoors in pond margins or in the mud at the base of the pond. However, it needs full light to grow. In aquariums, the plant needs to be grown in containers at the margins of a pool or submerged in bright filtered light with 20-24C water temperature. The plant can be divided in summer. The stem-tips or softwood cuttings can be rooted in summer. The leaves which get detached and float around can also form roots. +|
|Jasminum sambac +||It can be grown in a variety of climate and soils. Generally, it prefers mild tropical climate for proper growth and flowering. Mild winter, warm summer, moderate rainfall and sunny days are ideal climatic requirement. Loamy garden soils are best-suited for cultivation of all species and varieties. With liberal application of manure and assured water supply, jasmines can also be grown suitably in sandy soils. In clayey soil, flower production is hampered to a great extent. This type of soil can be improved by adding lime and applying organic manures. Pests: J. sambac is often attacked by scale insects, resulting in black fungal growths on leaves. The larvae of jasmine fly, a cecidomyiid, cause considerable damage to buds. Spraying with Parathion (0.025%) with Sandovt as adhesive checks the pest to a consider-able extent Diseases - Nematode and root rot are the major diseases attacking the jasmine crop. +|
|Mangifera indica +||Major pests are mango fly, mango shoot caterpillar, mites, scales and thrips. Mango trees are also affected by mango decline, a problem associated with micronutrient deficiency. Diseases include: anthracnose, which affects fruits, inflorescences and foliage; powdery mildew on inflorescences; and mango scab . Internal breakdown of the fruit is an important problem, the cause of which has not yet been determined. Alga spot attacks flowers, young fruit, twigs and leaves. +|
|Microsorum pteropus +||The plant can be grown in medium light in wet, coarse garden soil or potted soil or pots submerged in water. Under water, the plant can grow for years without any issues however it produces spores only when outside water. The fronds can get affected by spotting which can be cured by fungicide sprays. +|
|Mimusops elengi +||Seeds can be stored for 9 months and need after-ripening before sowing. Seeds germinate in 17-82 days. Seedlings can be planted out when 20-30cm tall. +|
|Murraya exotica +||The plant can be sown on commercial potting mix. 65% of seeds germinate in 25-60 days of sowing. Germination is hypogenous. Seedlings develop quickly, develop deep roots and grow at a moderate rate. Plants coppice very quickly if disturbed. Once they are established as ornamentals, very little care is needed. It can be killed easily by herbicides or by uprooting. The plant is a preferred host of the Citrus Psyllid, ''Diaphorina citrii'', which causes "citrus greening" disease and is also the host of Mediterranean fruit flies. +|
|Nelumbo nucifera +||Plant needs several weeks of full sunlight and temperatures above 25C. Needs good amount of fertilizer during peak growth. Start growing in a shallow container and gradually lower depth as plant grows. If several seeds are planted together, the rhizomes of the grown plants get entangled with each other. The rhizomes are very fragile and need to be separated carefully before transferring to another location. +|
|Santalum album +||Well drained soil needed. Plant in early summer/late spring. The seeds should be soaked in Gibberellic acid at the rate of 0.01grams per litre ofcool boiled water. Young seedlings need lots of water, but later on they mostly manage on their own. Average rainfall from 800mm to 1800mm per annum. It needs company of leguminous plants to grow happily. Sesbania formosa is an ideal intermediate host which it will eventually kill in around 3 to 5 years. This gives its long term host time to establish. Plant spacings are; Intermediate host/sandalwood at 0.5metre and these pairs 3.0m spacing along a row. Long term host such as ''Pterocarpus indicus'' planted in between these. Row spacings are 4.0 metres. (Dave's Garden) Plants which you do not want killed should be planted 25m away from this tree. The plant kills citrus trees. (Dave's Garden) Trees above 60 cm girth can be harvested during the post-monsoon period.The harvested heartwood from stem and roots is chopped and powdered. Sandalwood oil is produced by Steam distillation of this powdered wood. In the 1990's the oil sold for >$180/kg. (FAO) +|
|Saraca indica +||The seed cannot be stored for long and needs to be planted as soon as possible. Peak bloom time is early spring to early summer, but flowers can be found all round the year. +|
|Zingiber officinale +||Ginger probably originated as part of the ground flora of tropical lowland forests, where many of its wild relatives can still be found. In cultivation it requires hot, humid, shady conditions and grows best in a fertile loam as it needs large quantities of nutrients. Zingiber officinale has been successfully propagated at Kew using internodal cuttings. The cuttings are placed in a shallow pot in a mixture of coir and perlite. The pot is placed in a misting unit (or, if not available, in a closed glass case), which is heated at the base to 20 ˚C. It takes time for any activity to become visible, but eventually new roots and shoots are produced. It has been noted that this method produces vigorous plants. The traditional technique for propagation of ginger is by division. +|
|Zingiber rubens +||Soil: Minimum pH: 6.1 and a Maximum pH of 6.5. The plant requires Full sun to grow best. +|