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 Common nameCommon hindi nameIntrodescription
Abelmoschus moschatusOkra, Abelmosk, Ambrette seeds, Annual hibiscus, Bamia Moschata, Galu Gasturi, Muskdana, Musk mallow, Musk okra, Musk seeds, Ornamental okra, Rose mallow seeds, Tropical jewel hibiscus, Yorka okraमुश्कदाना Mushkdana, कस्तूरीदाना Kasturi-dana, जंगली भिंडी Jangli bhindiThe plant is native to India. It is an aromatic, medicinally important species. It is used as an antidote for snake bites, due to its anti-spasmodic activity. It is also used as an insecticide, as an aphrodisiac and in perfume industry. (Source: Flowers of India)
Abutilon indicumIndian Mallow, Country Mallow, Abutilon, Indian abutilonकंघी KanghiAbutilon indicum (Indian Abutilon, Indian Mallow; is a small shrub in the ''Malvaceae'' family, native to tropic and subtropical regions and sometimes cultivated as an ornamental. This plant is often used as a medicinal plant and is considered invasive on certain tropical islands. (Wikipedia)
Acacia catechuCutch Tree, black catechu, black cutch, cashoo, catechu, wadalee gumदन्त धावन dant-dhavan, गायत्रिन् gayatrin, खैर khair, खयर khayar, मदन madan, पथिद्रुम pathi-drum, पयोर payor, प्रियसख priya-sakh''Acacia catechu'' also commonly called ''Mimosa catechu'', is a deciduous, thorny tree which grows up to 15 m (50 ft) in height. The plant is called katha in Hindi, and kachu in Malay, hence Latin "Catechu" for this type species from which the extracts cutch and catechu are derived. It is found in Asia, China, India and the Indian Ocean area. Through derivatives of the flavanols in its extracts, the species has lent its name to the important catechins, catechols and catecholamines of chemistry and biology. (Source:Wikipedia)
Acacia concinnaSoap podशिकाकाई Shikakai''Acacia concinna'' or Shikakai is used in India in a variety of hair-care products. The bark of the plant contains a high level of Saponins which give the extract a foaming and cleansing characteristic. It belongs to the ''Acacia'' genus which has over 1100 members around the world.(AHS Encyclopedia)
Acacia niloticaArabic Gum, Black Piquant, Egyptian thorn, Prickly acaciaबबूल Babool,कीकर KikarThis tree is a native to Africa. Many tribes in Africa use it for medicinal purposes such as to treat cough, diarrhoea, dysentry etc. The tree is thorny and makes a good hedge for agricultural fields to keep out grazing animals. ''Acacia nilotica'' is considered an invasive species in some parts of the world (eg: Australia) as it grows very well even under low water conditions. (Source: Wikipedia)
Acacia sinuataPiquant SappanShikakai''Acacia sinuata'' or Piquant Sappan is a plant closely related to ''Acacia concinna'' or Shikakai. The plant is used for its high saponin content in many haircare products. Pods are used for making marks on forehead in Hinduism. (Source:Himalaya Healthcare monograph)
Achillea millefoliumCommon Yarrow, Gordaldo, Nosebleed plant, Old man's pepper, Devil's nettle, Sanguinary, Milfoil, Soldier's woundwort, Thousand-leaf, Thousand-seal.Gandrain, Puthkanda, भूतकॆशी Bhut Kesi''Achillea millefolium'' or yarrow is a flowering plant in the family ''Asteraceae'', native to the Northern Hemisphere. In antiquity, yarrow was known as ''herbal militaris'', for its use in staunching the flow of blood from wounds. Yarrows can be planted to combat soil erosion due to the plant's resistance to drought. They are used for human consumption and medicinal uses in many cultures around the world. (Source:Wikipedia)
Achyranthes asperaPrickly Chaff Flower, Chaff-flower, Crocus stuff, Crokars staff, Devil's horsewhip''Achyranthes aspera'' (Common name: Prickly Chaff Flower, Devil's Horsewhip, Sanskrit: अपामार्ग Apamarga) is a species of plant in the ''Amaranthaceae'' family. It is distributed throughout the tropical world. It can be found in many places growing as an introduced species and a common weed. It is one of the 21 leaves used in the Ganesh Patra Pooja done regularly on Ganesh Chaturthi day. In Uttar Pradesh the plant is used for a great many medicinal purposes, especially in obstetrics and gynecology, including abortion, induction of labor, and cessation of postpartum bleeding. The Maasai people of Kenya use the plant medicinally to treat malaria. (Source:Wikipedia)
Aconitum bisma
Aconitum palmatum''Aconitum'' ,known as aconite, monkshood, wolfsbane, leopard's bane, women's bane, Devil's helmet or blue rocket, is a genus of flowering plant belonging to the buttercup family (''Ranunculaceae''). There are over 250 species of ''Aconitum''. (Source:Wikipedia)
Acorus calamusSweet Flag, calamus, flagroot, sweet cane, sweet grass, sweetroot, sweet rushबच Bach, घोरबच Ghorbach, सफ़ेद बच Safed bach''Acorus calamus'', commonly known as sweet flag or calamus (Sanskrit : Haimavati, हैमवती, Vacha, वचा ) and various rushes and sedges,is a plant from the ''Acoraceae'' family, in the genus ''Acorus''. It is a tall perennial wetland monocot with scented leaves and more strongly scented rhizomes, which have been used medicinally, for its odor, and as an allegedly psychotropic drug. Its Sanskrit name is vacha. Probably indigenous to India, ''Acorus calamus'' is now found across Europe, in southern Russia, northern Asia Minor, southern Siberia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Burma, Sri Lanka, Australia, as well as southern Canada and Northern USA, where it may be mistaken for the native ''Acorus americanus''. (Source:Wikipedia)
Acrostichum aureumGolden leatherfern, Mangrove fern''Acrostrichum'' species generally inhabit warm and tropical regions. There are only 2-3 species known. (Source: Cook). This species grows profusely in mangroves and hence is also called Mangrove Fern.
Adansonia digitataBaobabGorakh imli गोरख इमली''Adansonia digitata'', the baobab, is the most widespread of the Adansonia species on the African continent, found in the hot, dry savannahs of sub-Saharan Africa. It also grows, having spread secondary to cultivation, in populated areas. In India, the tree is found in hot, dry regions of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. (Source:Wikipedia,Plants of India)
Adhatoda zeylanica
Aegle marmelosBel, Beli fruit, Bengal quince, Stone apple, Wood appleबेल Bel''Aegle marmelos'' or Bael is a middle sized slender aromatic armed tree native to India and Pakistan. It has since spread to throughout South-east Asia. It is a gum-bearing tree. The tree is used in several cooking preparations in India. It is also important in religious rituals and has medicinal value. In the Hindu religion, the Tri-foliate leaves typical of the Bael is seen as the 3-pronged Trident (Trisula) that Lord Shiva holds in his right hand. The Trident symbolizes his three fundamental Powers (shakti) of Will (iccha), Action (kriya) and Knowledge (jnana). The Trident also symbolizes the past, the present and the future. Almost every Hindu temple in India would have one or more Bael trees in their courtyards.(Source:Wikipedia)
Albizia lebbeck
Allium sativumCultivated Garlicलेह्सन Lehsan''Allium sativum'', commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion family ''Alliaceae''. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, and rakkyo. Garlic has been used throughout history for both culinary and medicinal purposes. The garlic plant's bulb is the most commonly used part of the plant.
Aloe veraAloe vera, Medicinal aloe, Burn plantGheekumari घीकुमारीAloe vera, also known as the true or medicinal aloe, is a species of succulent plant that probably originated in the southern half of the Arabian peninsula, Northern Africa, the Canary islands and Cape Verde. Aloe vera grows in arid climates and is widely distributed in Africa, India and other arid areas. The species is frequently cited as being used in herbal medicine. Many scientific studies of the use of aloe vera have been undertaken, some of them conflicting. Despite these limitations, there is some preliminary evidence that Aloe vera extracts may be useful in the treatment of wound and burn healing, minor skin infections, Sebaceous cyst, diabetes and elevated blood lipids in humans. These positive effects are thought to be due to the presence of compounds such as polysaccharides, mannans, anthraquinones and lectins. (Source:Wikipedia)
Alpinia abundiflora''Alpinia abundiflora'' belongs to the Ginger family ''(Zingiberaceae)''. DNA sequence-based methods have shown that this genus is polyphyletic. It is represented by six clades distributed across the tribe Alpinieae. Further research is needed to specify the taxa in this genus. The plants are native to SE Asia and are grown for their ornamental flashy flowers.
Alpinia allughasTaraTara (Bengali)''Alpinia allughas'' incorrectly spelled as ''Alpinia allhugas'' belongs to the Ginger family (Zingiberaceae). It is a synonym of the species Alpinia nigra (Gaertn.) B. L. Burtt. DNA sequence-based methods have shown that this genus is polyphyletic. It is represented by six clades distributed across the tribe Alpinieae. Further research is needed to specify the taxa in this genus. The plants are native to SE Asia and are grown for their ornamental flashy flowers.
Alpinia aquatica''Alpinia aquatica'' is a species that likes to grow in ponds and still water bodies.
Alpinia calcarataSnap Ginger, Cardamom ginger, Indian gingerकुलंजन Kulanjan''Alpinia calcarata'' or Snap Ginger is a plant native to India. It is less common in other parts of the world. Its mainly grown as an ornamental plant.
Alpinia conchigera
Alpinia galanga
Alpinia malaccensis
Alpinia roxburghii''Alpinia roxburghii Sweet'' is the name recognized by the Species 2000 checklist for a variety of ginger family plants which are pheontypically very similar to it. An example is ''Alpinia bracteata''
Alternanthera sessilis
Amomum subulatum
Anacardium occidentaleCashewकाजू KajuCashew is a plant native to Brazil, but is cultivated in tropical regions worldwide. It was imported to India by Portuguese. According to the FAO, India is one of the top five producers of cashew in the world.
Anacyclus pyrethrumPellitory, Spanish chamomile, Mount Atlas daisy''Anacyclus pyrethrum'' (pellitory, Spanish chamomile, or Mount Atlas daisy) is a perennial herb much like chamomile in habitat and appearance. It is found in North Africa, elsewhere in the Mediterranean region, in the Himalayas, in North India, and in Arabian countries. Medicinally, pellitory root has a pungent efficacy in relieving toothache and promoting a free flow of saliva. It induces heat, tingling and redness when applied to the skin.
Anatherum zizanioides
Andrographis paniculata
Andropogon muricatus
Anethum graveolens
Anethum sowa
Apium graveolens
Areca catechu
Argyreia nervosa
Argyreia speciosa
Artocarpus heterophyllusJackfruitकटहल
Arundo donax
Asparagus adscendens
Asparagus racemosus
Asteracantha longifolia
Azadirachta indicaNeemनीम NeemNeem is a tropical and sub-tropical plant which is highly drought resistant. The plant has several medicinal and commercial applications and finds significance in Hinduism. Neem cultivation also has a role to play in agriculture and pest management.
Azolla pinnataMosquito fern, Duckweed fern, Fairy moss, Water fern
Bacopa monnieri
Balsamodendron mukul
Bambusa arundinacea
Barleria prionitisPorcupine flowerवज्राद्नती Vajradanti''Barleria prionitis'' or Vajradanti has been used in India for a long time for many medicinal purposes. Its chief use is in treating oral disorders like gingivitis, dental caries and is commonly used in Ayurvedic mouthwashes, creams and pastes.
Bauhinia variegata
Benincasa cerifera
Benincasa hispida
Berberis aristata
Bergenia ciliata
Bergenia ligulata
Betula utilis
Bignonia undulata
Blepharis edulis
Blepharis persica
Boerhaavia diffusa
Boerhavia diffusaRed hogweed, Tar Vine, Red Spiderling, WineflowerPunarnava, Satha''Boerhavia diffusa'' is a weed growing in many parts of India. It had edible leaves. Roots of this plant are used by many tribes in India for their analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. The name ''Punarnava'' means that which rejuvenates. This plant is an ingredient of Dabur Chawanprash.
Bombax ceiba
Bombax malabaricum
Boswellia serrataIndian OlibanumKundur, Luban, Salai''Boswellia serrata'' is Indian frankincense. It is also called Salai in Hindi and Indian Olibanum in English. It is found in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh & Andhara Pradesh in India. In Ayurvedic medicine, this plant has been used for hundreds of years for treating arthritis.
Butea frondosa
Butea monospermaFlame of the Forest, Butea Kino, Bastard TeakपलाशButea monosperma is a dry- deciduous tree growing to a height of 15m. It is native to southern tropical Asia. It is used for timber, resin, fodder, medicine, and dye
Caesalpinia bonducella
Caesalpinia digyna
Calendula officinalis
Calotropis proceraRubber bush, apple of SodomAak आक, Mudar मुदरCalotropis procera is a species of flowering plant in the dogbane family, Apocynaceae, that is native to North Africa, Tropical Africa, Western Asia, South Asia, and Indochina. It is commonly known as Apple of Sodom, a name derived from the ''Hebrew Tapuah Sdom''.The green globes are hollow but the flesh contains a toxic milky sap that is extremely bitter and turns into gluey coating resistant to soap. (Source:Wikipedia)
Capparis spinosa
Capsicum annuum
Carica papayapapayaपपीता
Carum carvi
Carum copticum
Casearia esculenta
Cassia fistula
Cassia occidentalis
Catharanthus pusillusTiny Periwinkle, Tiny Vincaसान्ग्खी Sangkhi
Catharanthus roseusTiny Periwinkle, Vincaसदाबहार Sadabaha''Catharanthus'' is a genus of eight species, mostly annuals and perennials native to Madagascar. Only ''C. roseus'' is widely cultivated. popular varieties include '''Cooler Series, Pacifica seres,Pacifica Punch,Parasol,Pretty Series and Pretty Series "Pretty in Rose"'''.(Source:AHS Encyclopedia)
Cedrus deodaraDeodar CedarदेओदारThese are evergreen conifers known for their ornamental value and broadly used as timber. their wood has aromatic smell with red or red-tinged colour and is decay-resistant and insect-repellent.
Celastrus paniculatus
Centelia asiatica
Centella asiatica
Ceratopteris pteridoidesFloating antlerfern''Ceratopteris'' species are aquatic pteridophytic ferns, generally found in tropical regions. They require a warm climate and lots of water. Two species - ''C. pteridoides'' and ''C. thalictroides'' are found in India. There is confusion among botanists on whether ''Ceratopteris cornuta'' and ''C. pteridoides'' are separate species.
Ceratopteris thalictroidesWater sprite, Indian fern, Water fern, Oriental waterfern, Water hornfern''Ceratopteris'' species are aquatic pteridophytic ferns, generally found in tropical regions. They require a warm climate and lots of water. Two species - ''C. pteridoides'' and ''C. thalictroides'' are found in India. ''C. thalictroides'' or watersprite is used as an ornamental plant in aquariums. It is also cultivated as a vegetable for including in salads, due to its several curly leaves.
Cicer arietinum
Cichorium intybus
Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum cassia
Cinnamomum tamalaIndian Bay Leaf, Indian cassia, Indian cassia bark, Tamala cassia, Malabar Leafतेजपत्ता tejpatta''Cinnamomum tamala'' or Indian Bark is a commonly used plant known by the name '''Tejpatta''' in India. It is native to India. The leaves of the species are used as a popular spice in several Indian dishes, particularly in Northern India. The leaves have a cinnamon-like aroma (as the species name would suggest). The bark of this tree is also used as a spice. The leaves are also used in the perfume industry for their fragrance.
Cinnamomum verum
Cinnamomum zeylanicum
Cissampelos pareira
Citrus limon
Citrus medica
Citrus reticulata
Cocos nuciferaCoconutनारियल Naariyal
Coleus vettiveroides
Commiphora wightii
Convolvulus microphyllus
Convolvulus pluricaulis
Coriandrum sativumCorianderधनिया Dhaniya •Coriander (Dhania) is native to southern Europe and North Africa to southwestern Asia and Indian subcontinent.
Crataeva magna
Crataeva nurvala
Crocus sativusSaffronकेसर Kesar
Cucumis sativus
Cuminum cyminum
Curcuma longaCommon Turmericहल्दी Haldi''Curcuma longa'' or Turmeric is a plant with high medicinal and cultural value in India. The rhizome of the plant has medicinal properties. The dried root is ground into a powder which is used on several religious occasions in Hinduism. India is the largest producer of Turmeric in the world. (Adapted from Wikipedia)
Curcuma zedoariaWhite turmeric, Zedoaryजंगली हऴदी Jangli HaldiZedoary (Curcuma zedoaria, known as కచొరము kacōramu in Telugu) is the name for a perennial herb and member of the genus Curcuma Linn., family Zingiberaceae. The plant is native to India and Indonesia. It was introduced to Europe by Arabs around the sixth century, but its use as a spice in the West today is extremely rare, having been replaced by ginger. (Source:Wikipedia)
Cynodon dactylon
Cyperus rotundusCommon Nut Sedge, Coco grass, Nutgrass, Purple nutsedgeबड़ा नागर मोथा Bara-nagar-motha, कोरेही झाड़ Korehi-jhar, मोथा Motha''Cyperus rotundus'' is a small plant with individuals reaching upto 40cm. It is a very proliferative weed and has spread to several countries. It grows in agricultural lands and garden soils. This plant was, however, described in '''Charaka Samhita''', the first book on Indian medicine written in the first millennium. It is used in Ayurveda to treat fevers, digestive system disorders etc. Plant extract is a constituent of Dabur Chyawanprash and some hair oils.
Cyperus scariosus
Cyperus squarrosusCyperus squarrosus is a species of sedge known by several common names, including bearded flatsedge and awned flatsedge. It is found in wet environments nearly worldwide. It is a small sedge, reaching a maximum height between 10 and 16 centimeters. (Source:Wikipedia)
Datura inoxiaDevil's Trumpet, Horn of plenty, Downy thorn appleSafed dhatura सफ़ैद धतूरा''Datura metel'' is a plant possibly native to Asia. It is famous for the effects of its flower on the nervous system when ingested. All parts of Datura plants contain dangerous levels of tropane alkyloids (highly poisonous) and may be fatal if ingested by humans or other animals, including livestock and pets. In some places it is prohibited to buy, sell or cultivate Datura plants. In regulated quantities however, Datura has been traditionally used in Chinese and Indian medicines.
Daucus carotaWild carrot, Bird's nest, Bishop's lace, Queen Anne's laceगाजर Gajar''Daucus carota'' is a flowering plant in the family ''Apiaceae'', native to temperate regions of Europe, southwest Asia and naturalised to northeast North America and Australia. Domesticated, cultivated carrots are cultivars of a subspecies, Daucus carota subsp. sativus. The flowers are very similar in appearance to a poisonous species '''Poison Hemlock''' ''Conium maculatum'' (Source:Wikipedia)
Desmodium gangeticum
Didymocarpus pedicellata
Eclipta prostrata''Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk.'' (syn. ''Eclipta prostrata L.''), commonly known as False Daisy , and Bhringraj, is a plant belonging to the family ''Asteraceae''. It is widely distributed throughout India, China, Thailand, and Brazil. In ayurvedic medicine, the leaf extract is considered a powerful liver tonic, rejuvenative, and especially good for the hair. A black dye obtained from Eclipta alba is used for dyeing hair and tattooing. Eclipta alba also has traditional external uses, like athlete foot, eczema and dermatitis, on the scalp to address hair loss and the leaves have been used in the treatment of scorpion stings. It is used as anti-venom against snakebite in China and Brazil. It is reported to improve hair growth and colour. (Source:Wikipedia)
Elettaria cardamomumCardamom, Green cardamomइलाएची Elaichi''Elettaria cardamomum'' is the spice Cardamom or "Elaichi" used for cooking in many parts of the world and in India. It is popularly used to spice up tea in India. Cardamom refers to several plants of the genera Elettaria and Amomum in the ginger family Zingiberaceae. Both genera are native to India, they are recognised by their small seed pod, triangular in cross-section and spindle-shaped, with a thin papery outer shell and small black seeds. Elettaria pods are light green while Amomum pods are larger and dark brown. (Source: Wikipedia)
Embelia ribesEmbelia, False Black Pepper, False PepperVayavidnag, Baberang''Embelia ribes'', commonly known as False Black Pepper or White-flowered ''Embelia'', is a species in the ''Myrsinaceae''. It was originally described by Nicolaas Laurens Burman in his 1768 publication, Flora Indica. It is a plant of medicinal importance. It has been described by Shushruta as an antihelmenthic in combination with Liquorice root. Modern research has also shown it to be effective against tapeworm infection.
Emblica officinalis
Ensete superbumRock banana, Wild plantainजंगली केला jungli kela''Ensete superbum'' is a species of banana found only in India (and probably in Thailand). The plant is a very hardy plant and prefers rocky barren areas. It is non-stoloneferous and does not produce suckers. Regeneration by seeds is the only natural means for propagation. Ensete superbum has enormous horticultural value in terms of being an ornamental and medicinal plant. It is resembles a banana plant. Characteristic phyllotaxy on a large pseudostem gives E. superbum, a huge nested-fern appearance. Massive base and red flower head with broad leaves outlined in deep red and deep mid-rib are specific morphological features that add its appeal and aesthetic value.It is best planted as a focal point on a lawn or in a small group making it suitable for a garden or park. commonly known as: rock banana, wild plantain • Hindi: जंगली केला jungli kela • Kannada: ಕಾಡು ಬಾಳೆ kaadu baale, ಕಲ್ಲು ಬಾಳೆ kallu baale • Konkani: रान क्यांळे raan kyaanle • Malayalam: കല്ല് വാഴ kall vazha • Marathi: चवेणी chaveni, रानकेळ raankel • Sanskrit: बहुजा bahuja • Tamil: கல்வாழை kal-valai, காட்டுவாழை kattu-valai • Telugu: అడవి అరటి adavi arati
Equisetum ramosissimumBranched Horsetail
Eucalyptus globulusTasmanian Blue Gum, Southern Blue Gum, Blue GumThe Tasmanian Blue Gum, Southern Blue Gum or Blue Gum, (Eucalyptus globulus) is an evergreen tree, one of the most widely cultivated trees native to Australia. This tree is very well adapted to dry climates and has a very rapid rate of growth. This species is as invasive species in India and in many parts of the world.
Evolvulus alsinoides
Ficus benghalensis
Foeniculum vulgare
Garcinia cambogiaGamboge treeThe dried thick outer coat of its fruit is rich in acids and has been valued for its marked antiseptic properties. Its fruit was used use by the Bombay army as an antiscorbutic in 1799 along with 'Kokam'. Its dried rind, is used in Travancore-Cochin and Malabar as a condiment for flavouring curries as a substitute of tamarind or lime. In Srilanka, under-ripe dried fruit, is used along with salt in the curing of fish.
Gaultheria fragrantissima
Gloriosa suprba
Glycyrrhiza glabraCultivated Liquorice, Sweetwoodमुलेठी MulethiLiquorice or licorice is the root of Glycyrrhiza glabra from which a sweet flavour can be extracted. The liquorice plant is a legume (related to beans and peas) that is native to southern Europe and parts of Asia.
Gmelina arborea
Gossypium herbaceum
Gossypium indicum
Gymnema sylvestre
Hedychium spicatum
Helianthus annus
Hemidesmus indicus
Hibiscus abelmoschus
Hibiscus rosa-sinensisHibiscus, Chinese hibiscusगुढ़ल Gurhal''Hibiscus rosa-sinensis'' or '''China rose''' is a beautiful, showy flower native to East Asia, mainly China. It is cultivated primarily as an ornamental plant. Plant breeders around the world have generated several varieties and hybrids of China Rose giving rise to an enormous array of colors and patterns within the species.
Hiptage benghalensisHiptage, Helicopter flowerमाधवी लता Madhavi Lata, अतिमुक्त Atimukta''Hiptage benghalensis'' is a plant native to India and South-East Asia. It forms woody creepers called '''lianas''' and spreads quite rapidly, making thickets and smothering vegetation. Thus, it is considered a weed in many parts of the world. In India, this plant has mythological association with Lord Krishna in Vrindavan. It is also cultivated for its fragrant and beautiful flowers.
Holarrhena antidysenterica
Hygrophila auriculataHygrophila, Temple plant, Marsh Barbelतालीम ख़ाना Talim Khana''Hygrophila auriculata'' is belongs to the genus ''Hygrophila'' whose identity as a separate genus is still debated. ''H. auriculata'' is an aquatic, perennial herb which has medicinal properties in treating liver ailments according to Ayurveda.
Hyoscyamus niger
Hyssopus officinalis
Inula racemosa
Ipomea batatus
Ipomoea digitataGiant potatoBilaikand
Ipomoea turpethum
Isoetes coromandelinaClub Moss, QuillwortThe genus ''Isoetes'' consists of more than 130 species. Fourteen endemic species have been described in India. The ranges of most of these species overlap each other, and there's no consensus about their specific limits. This entry, thus, may encompass information about more than one species and inter-species hybrids.
Jasminum grandiflorum
Jasminum officinaleCommon Jasmine, Poet's Jasmine, Spanish Jasmineचमेली ChameliJasmine is one of the most famous flowers growing in tropical regions. It is a native of the Indian subcontinent. It is widely used for ornamental as well as medicinal purposes. According to old Indian texts, a Jasmine flower is the most precious flower of all. Jasmine is the national flower of Pakistan.
Jasminum sambacJasmineबेला Bela, मोतिया Motiya, मोगरा Mogra''Jasminum sambac'' is a species of jasmine native to southwestern and southern Asia, in the Philippines, India, Myanmar and Sri Lanka. It is grown mainly as an ornamental plant due to its fragrant and beautiful flowers.
Juglans regia
Justicia adhatodaMalabar Nutअडुळसा Adulsa''Justicia adhatoda'', also known by its synonym ''Adhatoda vasica'' or by its Indian name '''अडुळसा (Adulsa)''', is a hardy plant that grows in low water conditions. It is a very popular medicinal plant in Ayurveda and is used for treating cough and cold. Its chief active chemical components are the alkaloids '''Vasicinone''' and '''Vasicine''' that have been shown to have bronchodilatory and respiro-stimulatory activity.
Justicia procumbensWater willow, Shrimp plantकरंबल Karambal (Marathi)''Justicia procumbens'' or Water Willow is an perennial shrub plant having medicinal properties. The plant is also used as an ornamental plant due to its slender, tubular flowers.
Lactuca scariola
Lactuca serriola
Lens culinaris
Leptadenia reticulata
Lilium polyphyllum
Linum usitatissimum
Lycopersicon esculentum
Macrotyloma uniflorumHorse gram, Madras gramKulith कुळीथ (Marathi)Horse gram (''Macrotyloma uniflorum'', ''Fabaceae'') is one of the lesser known beans. The whole seeds of horse gram are generally utilized as cattle feed. However, it is consumed as a whole seed, as sprouts, or as whole meal by a large population in rural areas of southern India. Medical uses of these legumes have been discussed. Horse gram and moth bean are legumes of the tropics and subtropics, grown mostly under dry-land agriculture. (Source:Wikipedia)
Madhuca longifoliaMahuaमहुआ Mahua''Madhuca longifolia'', commonly known as mahwa or mahua, is an Indian tropical tree found largely in the central and north Indian plains and forests. It is a fast growing tree that grows to approximately 20 meters in height, possesses evergreen or semi-evergreen foliage, and belongs to the family ''Sapotaceae''. It is adapted to arid environments, being a prominent tree in tropical mixed deciduous forests in India in the states of Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Gujarat and Orissa (Source: Wikipedia)
Malva sylvestris
Mangifera indicaMangoआम Am''Mangifera indica'' or Mango is a very popular fruit in India and all parts of the world. It is famous for its bright yellow color and exquisite taste. The most popular variety of Indian mango is the "Alphonso".It is a crop of great economic importance to India and is cultivated in many parts of the country.
Marsilea aegyptiaca
Marsilea brachycarpaWaterclover''Marsilea brachycarpa'' is a fern closely related to ''M. minuta''. In fact, it may be an environmentally induced phenotypic variety of ''M. minuta''. Other phenotypes may include species ''M. brachypus'', ''M. gracilenta'' and ''M. maheshwari'' (Cook)
Marsilea brachypusWaterclover''Marsilea brachypus'' is a fern closely related to ''M. minuta''. In fact, it may be an environmentally induced phenotypic variety of ''M. minuta''. Other phenotypes may include species ''M. brachycarpa'', ''M. gracilenta'' and ''M. maheshwari'' (Cook)
Marsilea coromandelinaNANAThere has been a debate in the past whether ''Marsilea coromandelina'' is different from ''Marsilea trichopoda''. However, many taxonomists prefer keeping the two taxa separate. (Ref: JSTOR Plant Science) All Marsilea species are found in Africa and in India highlighting the fact that India was once upon a time connected to Madagascar.
Marsilea gracilentaWaterclover''Marsilea gracilenta'' is a fern closely related to ''M. minuta''. In fact, it may be an environmentally induced phenotypic variety of ''M. minuta''. Other phenotypes may include species ''M. brachycarpa'', ''M. brachypus'' and ''M. maheshwari'' (Cook)
Marsilea maheshwariWaterclover''Marsilea maheshwari'' is a fern closely related to ''M. minuta''. In fact, it may be an environmentally induced phenotypic variety of ''M. minuta''. Other phenotypes may include species ''M. brachycarpa'', ''M. brachypus'' and ''M. gracilenta'' (Cook)
Marsilea minutaDwarf waterclover, Small watercloverचौपतिरा Chaupatira''Marsilea minuta'' is a highly plastic and variable pteridophyte. Other species, namely, ''M. brachycarpa'', ''M. brachypus'', ''M. gracilenta'' and ''M. maheshwari'' also fall within the range of variation and probably are different environmentally induced phenotypes (Cook). All Marsilea species are found in Africa and in India highlighting the fact that India was once upon a time connected to Madagascar.
Martynia diandraDevil's Claws, Tiger's Clawउलट-कांटा Ulat-kanta, बाघनख Baghnakh
Melaleuca leucadendron
Mentha arvensis
Mentha piperata
Mentha spicata
Mesua ferreaCobra saffron, Ceylon ironwood, Indian rose chestnutनाग चम्पा Nag champa, नागकेसर NagkesarThis species is the national tree of Sri Lanka. The geography of Sri Lanka is quite similar to the South western regions of India. In fact, part of the Western Ghat seems to extend to Sri Lanka. ''Mesua ferrea'' is used in Indian cooking, as a medicine, for its fragrance and in the industry for its wood. Some people have noted the psychedelic effects of the fragrance of Nag Champa. The incense sticks made from the flowers of this plant are popular worldwide for their intense fragrance.
Microsorum pteropusJava fern''Microsorum pteropus'' is an aquatic fern and can grow completely underwater. It is mostly epiphytic and is extensively found in tropical Asia. As with many aquatic ferns, this plant is also used as an ornamental plant in aquariums.
Mimosa pudica
Mimusops elengiSpanish cherry, Bullet woodबकुल Bakul, मौलसरी MaulsariThe tree is used in rest of the world for its hard wood. In India, it is also used to make garlands from its fragrant flowers. It finds use in many Ayurvedic products. especially those for oral health. Lord Krishna is said to have played his flute under ''Bakul'' trees attracting young women. The tree is said to flower when sprinkled with nectar from the mouths of beautiful women. (Source: Wikipedia, Flowers of India)
Modelplant
Momordica charantia
Moringa pterygosperma
Mucuna pruriens
Murraya exoticaChinese box, Orange JasmineKamini कामिनीThis species is used sometimes as an ornamental plant in India and has a medicinal use. ''Murraya exotica'' is related to ''Murraya koenigii'' or Curry plant, which is used as a spice in Indian foods. ''M. exotica'' leaves, on the other hand, have a citrus flavor.
Murraya koenigiiCurry treeकधिपत्ताMurraya koenigii is popularly known as the 'curry tree'. Leaves of this tree are often used to provide flavor to many indian curries originating in western and southern parts of India.
Myristica fragrans
Nardostachys jatamansi
Nelumbo nuciferaWater Lily, Lotus, Sacred Lotus, East Indian Lotusकमल KamalThe Indian Lotus, also known as the Sacred Lotus, is a culturally significant plant in many Asian cultures in general and Indian culture in particular. It is a plant native to the Indian subcontinent, but now is found as an ornamental plant worldwide. The Lotus is considered a symbol of devotion and purity. It is the seat of Goddess Lakshmi, Goddess Saraswati, Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma. The flowers of Lotus have several medicinal properties as per Ayurveda. '''Lotus is also the national flower of India.'''
Nepeta hindostana
Nigella sativa
Nymphaea stellataBlue water lily, Red and blue water lily', Blue star water lily, Star lotusNeelkamal नीलकमल'''''Nymphaea nouchali''''', commonly known as the '''Red and blue water lily''', '''Blue star water lily''', '''Star lotus''', or by its synonym '''''Nymphaea stellata''''', is a water lily of genus ''Nymphaea''. This aquatic plant is native to the Indian Subcontinent. It was spread to other countries already in ancient times and has been long valued as a garden flower in Thailand and Myanmar to decorate ponds and gardens. This plant has medicinal significance in Ayurveda too. It is considered a holy flower in Buddhism. (Source:Wikipedia)
Ocimum tenuiflorumHoly Basil, Indian Basilतुलसी Tulsi''Ocimum tenuiflorum'' or Tulsi is one of the most sacred plants in Hinduism. The plant has several medicinal properties. It is found throughout India.
Olea europaea
Onosma bracteatum
Operculina turpethum
Orchis mascula
Origanum marjorana
Oroxylum indicum
Oryza sativa
Papaver rhoeas
Parmelia perlata
Peganum harmala
Peucedanum graveolens
Phaseolus trilobus
Phlogacanthus curviflorusWild NongmangkhaNAWild Nongmangkha is found in North East India. It has bright red flowers borne as spikes. Leaves and flowers have medicinal properties and are used in native folk medicine. It can be used as an ornamental plant.
Phlogacanthus thyrsiformis
Phoenix dactylifera
Phyllanthus amarus
Phyllanthus emblicaIndian Gooseberry, Amlaआमला Amla''Phyllanthus emblica'' or Indian Gooseberry is a species commonly known for its fruit called Amla. The fruit has one of the highest concentrations of Vitamin C (160 times more than apple) and thus is reputed as a strong antioxidant. Amla finds uses in many medicinal and cosmetic products, especially those for hair such as hair oils and tonics. Amla fruit is used in Indian cooking mainly as pickles or as mouth-freshners. It is also a constituent of the popular '''Dabur Chawanprash'''.
Phyllanthus niruri
Picrorhiza kurroa
Pinus longifolia
Pinus roxburghii
Piper longumLong Pepperपिपली Pipli
Piper nigrum
Pistacia integerrima
Pistacia vera
Plumbago zeylanica
Pongamia glabra
Pongamia pinnata
Premna integrifolia
Prunus amygdalus
Psidium guajavaGuavaअमृत Amrut, लाल-सुफ्रियम Lal-sufrium (red)
Psoralea coryfolia
Psoralea corylifolia
Pterocarpus marsupium
Punica granatum
Pyrus malus
Quercus infectoria
Rauvolfia nitida
Rauvolfia serpentinaIndian snakeroot, Serpentine woodसर्पगंधा Sarpagandha''Rauvolfia serpentina'' or snakewood is a plant native to India. The genus is also called ''Rauwolfia'', but the name ''Rauvolfia'' is the one accepted by the Species 2000 project, an official international species nomenclature agency. ''Rauvolfia serpentina'' is a popular folk medicine for diabetes and high blood pressure. It also has tranquilizing properties and is used as an antipsychotic drug, for curing schizophrenia and against snakebites.
Rhinacanthus nasutus
Ricinus communis
Rosa centifolia
Rosa damascena
Rosmarinus officinalis
Rubia cordifolia
Rumex maritimus
Ruta graveolens
Santalum albumIndian Sandalwood, White Sandalwoodचन्दन ChandanSandalwood is an economically important plant and has been cultivated for several centuries for the fragrance of its oil. Due to extensive and sometimes, illegal cutting of native Sandalwood trees, this species has become vulnerable to extinction. ''S. album'' is native to South/South-East Asia, possibly Indonesia. Another species ''Santalum spicatum'' is native to Australia.
Sapindus mukorossi
Sapindus trifoliatus
Saraca asoca
Saraca indicaAshokaअशोक Ashok''Saraca indica'' or the Ashoka tree is an important plant from a religious and cultural point of view in India. The tree has beautiful red flowers and a dense foliage which makes it seem stately to its devotees. The tree is a symbol of fertility in Indian culture and has been recently shown to provide relief to women during menstruation. The tree is revered in Hinduism and Buddhism and is frequently found in royal palace grounds or near temples.

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