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Mimusops elengi
Ailment Diuretic  + , Dental disorders  + , Aphrodisiac  + , skin complaints and ulcers  + , Cardiac diseases  + , Astringent  + , Fever  + , Uterine disorders  + , hypertension  + , Antihelmintic  +
Ailment type Infectious diseases  + , Pains and Inflammation  + , Common ailments  + , Organ-specific disorders  +
Biotic zone Northwestern Himalayas + , Eastern Ghats + , Western Ghats + , Central Deccan Plateau + , East Coast + , West Coast + , Indo-Gangetic Plain + , Outlying Islands +
Bloom type Perennial +
Class Magnoliopsida +
Commercial application Medicinal use  + , Wood  +
Commercial use description The ''M. elengi'' plant has strong wood whThe ''M. elengi'' plant has strong wood which is used for purposes such as building bridges, home construction,shipbuilding,flooring,doors, poles, foundation sills, railway sleepers, paving blocks, mine timber, furniture and cabinet work, vehicle bodies and wheels, turnery, tool handles, walking sticks, weaving shuttles, toys, sporting goods and musical instruments. Tree is planted as an ornamental shade. It can provide environmental benefits because of its large size when mature.its because of its large size when mature.  +
Common Indian names Maulsari मौलसरी, बकुल Bakul (Hindi); Kirakuli किराकुली (Urdu);বোকুল লৈ Bokul lei (Manipuri);மகிழம்பூ Magizhamboo (Tamil);Ilanni (Malayalam);Bakul (Bengali);Bakuli (Marathi); Konkani: Omval (Konkani); Ranjal (Kannada); Barsoli (Gujarati)  +
Common hindi name बकुल Bakul, मौलसरी Maulsari  +
Common name Spanish cherry, Bullet wood  +
Cultivation details Seeds can be stored for 9 months and need after-ripening before sowing. Seeds germinate in 17-82 days. Seedlings can be planted out when 20-30cm tall.  +
Division/Phylum Magnoliophyta +
Family Sapotaceae +
Flower color White  +
Food plant part Fruit  +
Food use Yes  +
Food use description Fruit is edible  +
Genus Mimusops +
Habitat details ''Mimusops elengi'' is found often near th''Mimusops elengi'' is found often near the coast, but is also found inland, upto 600m altitude. It doesnt require a lot of water and can grow where here is slightly seasonal rainfall. Usually found in dry habitats, but requires fertile soil to mature. It can stand waterlogging for up to 2 months. It is tolerant of light frost.o 2 months. It is tolerant of light frost.  +
Header caption Spanish Cherry tree in Calcutta  +
Header image Maulsari (Mimusops elengi) trees in Kolkata W IMG 2848.jpg  +
IUCN status Not Evaluated  +
Introdescription The tree is used in rest of the world for The tree is used in rest of the world for its hard wood. In India, it is also used to make garlands from its fragrant flowers. It finds use in many Ayurvedic products. especially those for oral health. Lord Krishna is said to have played his flute under ''Bakul'' trees attracting young women. The tree is said to flower when sprinkled with nectar from the mouths of beautiful women. (Source: Wikipedia, Flowers of India)men. (Source: Wikipedia, Flowers of India)  +
Leaf blade type Simple  +
Leaf petiole type Petiolated  +
Leaf phyllotaxy Alternate  +
Leaf shape Ovate  +
Life cycle details Tree flowers in April, fruiting occurs in June  +
Medicinal active compound Alkaloids  + , tannin  + , saponins  + , taraxerone  + , taraxerol  + , ursolic acid  + , betulinic acid  + , α-spinosterol  + , β-sitosterol  + , querrcitol  + , lupeol  + , isoretronecyl tigalate  + , triterpenoid saponins  + , steroidal saponin  +
Medicinal molecular basis Yes  +
Medicinal molecular basis description Alcohol extract of stem bark has potent diuretic activity in rats comparable to diuretic drug Furosemide. The drug increases Na+/K+ transporter activity and may be acting like a loop diuretic.  +
Medicinal significance Yes  +
Medicinal system Ayurveda + , Unani + , Folk Medicine +
Medicinal use description The bark, flowers, fruits and seeds are asThe bark, flowers, fruits and seeds are astringent, cooling, anthelmintic, tonic, and febrifuge. It is mainly used in dental ailments like bleeding gums, pyorrhea, dental caries and loose teeth. Extract of flowers used against heart diseases, leucorrhoea, menorrhagia and act as antiduretic in polyuria and antitoxin. The snuff made from the dried and powdered flowers used in a disease called Ahwa in which strong fever, headache and pain in the neck, shoulders and other parts of the body occurs. Ripened fruits facilitates in burning urination. The ripe fruit pounded and mixed with water is given to promote delivery in childbirth. Powder of dried flowers is a brain tonic and useful as a snuff to relieve cephalalgia. Decoration of bark is used to wash the wounds. (Wikipedia) For curing dental disorders, the tender stems or the powdered skin of the bark are used for cleansing the teeth . One combination of powders of its bark skin, roots of Kantakari (''Solanum xanthocarpum''), Saireyaka (''Barleria prionitis'') leaves and skin of an almond fruit is burnt into ash and is used to cleanse the teeth and strengthen them. For treating swollen and bleeding gums, the extract of its bark skin and that of Khadira (''Acacia catechu'') are effective when gargled. The unripe fruit is used as a masticatory and helps to fix loose teeth. The extract also has action on the urinogenital tract - as a diuretic and preventing premature ejaculation.(Herbalremedies)ing premature ejaculation.(Herbalremedies)  +
Modern scientific knowledge description Very little sequence information available on NCBI (Sep 2010)  +
Native species Yes  +
Order Ericales +
Page creation date 3 September 2010  +
Plant commercial Yes  +
Plant commercial part Entire plant  + , Stem  +
Plant height More than 10 feet  +
Plant medicinal part Stem  + , Bark  + , Flower  + , Fruit  + , Seeds  +
Plant pest and disease Colletotrichum gloeosporioides +
Plant type Woody (Tree/Shrub)  +
Propagation method Seeds  + , Vegetative propagation  +
Regnum Plantae +
Religious occasion Worship of Lord Krishna + , Janmashtami +
Religious significance Yes  +
Religious use description It is said that Lord Krishna liked Bakul fIt is said that Lord Krishna liked Bakul flowers very much. He used to play his flute underneath a Bakul tree in Vrindavan and the milkmaids used to get attracted towards the sound of the flute. Even today, Bakul flowers are offered during the worship of Lord Krishna. The ancient poet Kalidasa mentioned the Bakul tree in his creation Meghdoot. The plant is also listed in Charaka Samhita and Shushruta Samhita as having medicinal properties.ta Samhita as having medicinal properties.  +
Seed dispersal Entomophily (By insects)  + , Zoophily (By vertebrates)  +
Species name w:Mimusops elengi +
State Andhra Pradesh  + , Andaman and Nicobar Islands  + , Bihar  + , Dadra and Nagar Haveli  + , Goa  + , Gujarat  + , Himachal Pradesh  + , Karnataka  + , Kerala  + , Madhya Pradesh  + , Maharashtra  + , Rajasthan  + , Tamil Nadu  + , Uttar Pradesh  + , West Bengal  +
Time of harvesting Summer  +
User ID User:Ashwinip +
Water need Average  +
Has queryThis property is a special property in this wiki. Mimusops elengi + , Mimusops elengi + , Mimusops elengi + , Mimusops elengi + , Mimusops elengi + , Mimusops elengi + , Mimusops elengi + , Mimusops elengi + , Mimusops elengi + , Mimusops elengi + , Mimusops elengi + , Mimusops elengi + , Mimusops elengi +
Categories Plants  + , Species page  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 14 November 2010 17:47:44  +
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