Jasminum sambac

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Mogra Flower
Species name: Jasminum sambac

Jasminum sambac is a species of jasmine native to southwestern and southern Asia, in the Philippines, India, Myanmar and Sri Lanka. It is grown mainly as an ornamental plant due to its fragrant and beautiful flowers.


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Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Names of users who have contributed to this species page Supriyak
Date on which this page was first created 2010/07/31
This page was last modified on: 24 November 2010 05:10:07
Name of the species Jasminum sambac
ID on Encyclopedia of Life 579168
Synonyms Please check Binomial Classification section for synonyms.
Common English Names Jasmine
Common Hindi Names बेला Bela, मोतिया Motiya, मोगरा Mogra
Common Indian names Bel (Hindi); maligai (Tamil); Jati (Manipuri); Mogra (Marathi); Mallikā (Sanskrit); Mallepuvvu (Telugu); Mallikaipu (Tamil); dundu Mallige (Kannada); Kaliyan (Urdu) EOL, Wikipedia
Origins/Meanings of the common names The botanic name sambac is derived from a misapplication of the Sanskrit name champaka, which refers to the fragrant flowered shrub Michelia champaca. The name Jasmine is derived from the Persian Yasmin meaning Gift from God. Jasmine flowers are used in many religious occasions as offerings to Gods. Wikipedia

Taxonomy from Encyclopedia of Life

If nothing is displayed in this section, it means the EoL ID has not been defined. Please click on Edit with form button on top and follow the instructions for filling in the EoL ID

{{#EoLOnlyHierarchy:579168}} 

Taxonomy filled in form

Angiosperm phylogeny. This image is copyrighted. Rights owned by Theodore C.H.Cole (Heidelberg) and Hartmut H. Hilger (Berlin) 2010. Please obtain copyright permissions before reuse.
Click here for the PDF of the phylogeny
Taxon Value
Regnum (Kingdom) Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Lamiales
Family Oleaceae
Genus Jasminum
Source of data Encyclopedia of Life

Other closely related species

SpeciesDivisionCommon nameCommon Hindi name
Aloe veraAloe vera, Medicinal aloe, Burn plantGheekumari घीकुमारी
Acacia niloticaArabic Gum, Black Piquant, Egyptian thorn, Prickly acaciaबबूल Babool,कीकर Kikar
Saraca indicaAshokaअशोक Ashok
… further results
DivisionTaxon detailsTaxon morphology details
MagnoliophytaAlso called Angiospermae. The ancestors of flowering plants diverged from gymnosperms around 245–202 million years ago, and the first flowering plants known to exist are from 140 million years ago. They diversified enormously during the Lower Cretaceous and became widespread around 100 million years ago, but replaced conifers as the dominant trees only around 60-100 million years ago.These are seed plants like Gymnosperms, but can be differentiated by the presence of flowers, seeds containing endosperm and seeds that produce a fruit. Angiosperms are the most diverse and highly evolutionarily successful group of land plants.
SpeciesClassCommon nameCommon Hindi name
Acacia niloticaMagnoliopsidaArabic Gum, Black Piquant, Egyptian thorn, Prickly acaciaबबूल Babool,कीकर Kikar
Saraca indicaMagnoliopsidaAshokaअशोक Ashok
Adansonia digitataMagnoliopsidaBaobabGorakh imli गोरख इमली
… further results
ClassTaxon detailsTaxon morphology details
MagnoliopsidaMagnoliopsida is the scientific name for dicots. This class contains about ~1,99,350 species of Angiosperms. Eudicots are a subset of Dicots. Based on chloroplast DNA sequences, the divergence date between monocots and dicots is estimated to be ~200 million years, with a 40 million years uncertainty.Dicots are diverse in habit, with half of all the species being more or less woody-stemmed - a reflection of the usual presence of a vascular cambium in the class. Annuals, biennials, vines, epiphytes, aquatics, parasites, and saprotrophs are also well represented in dicots. Vascular bundles of the stem are usually borne in a ring that encloses the pith. Vessel elements present except in some putatively primitive woody or aquatic families. Most dicots have a primary root system derived from the radicle, although some have an adventitious root system commonly seen in the class of monocots. Cotyledons are usually 2, seldom 1, 3, or 4. Leaves are mostly net-veined.
SpeciesOrderCommon nameCommon Hindi name
Jasminum officinaleLamialesCommon Jasmine, Poet's Jasmine, Spanish Jasmineचमेली Chameli
Martynia diandraLamialesDevil's Claws, Tiger's Clawउलट-कांटा Ulat-kanta, बाघनख Baghnakh
Ocimum tenuiflorumLamialesHoly Basil, Indian Basilतुलसी Tulsi
… further results
OrderTaxon detailsTaxon morphology details
LamialesSpecies in this order probably arose ~70-100 million years ago based on various estimates. Lamiales contain ~12% of eudicot diversity. Well-known or economically important members of this order include lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, the ash tree, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, and a number of table herbs such as mint, basil, and rosemary.Members of this species are herbaceous or shrubby, have mono-symmetric flowers and numerous small seeds. Species in this order typically have the following characteristics, although there are exceptions to all of them - 1) superior ovary composed of two fused carpels 2) five petals fused into a tube 3) bilaterally symmetrical, often bilabiate corollas and 4) four (or fewer) fertile stamens
SpeciesFamilyCommon nameCommon Hindi name
Jasminum officinaleOleaceaeCommon Jasmine, Poet's Jasmine, Spanish Jasmineचमेली Chameli
Jasminum sambacOleaceaeJasmineबेला Bela, मोतिया Motiya, मोगरा Mogra
SpeciesGenusCommon nameCommon Hindi name
Jasminum officinaleJasminumCommon Jasmine, Poet's Jasmine, Spanish Jasmineचमेली Chameli
Jasminum sambacJasminumJasmineबेला Bela, मोतिया Motiya, मोगरा Mogra

Based on classification

More details can be found in the Binomial Classification section.

Morphology from Encyclopedia of Life

If nothing is displayed in this section, it means the EoL ID has not been defined. Please click on Edit with form button on top and follow the instructions for filling in the EoL ID

{{#EoLOnlyDescription:579168}} 

General morphology

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
General morphological features of the plant Evergreen Shrubs erect or scandent, to 3 m. Branchlets terete or slightly compressed, sometimes hollow, sparsely pubescent. Encyclopedia of Life
Seed dispersal mechanism Entomophily (By insects)
Bloom type Perennial Flowers of India
Life cycle of the plant

How to identify this species

For a detailed description, refer to the General Morphology details above

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Type of plant Woody (Tree/Shrub)
Plant height 6 feet to 10 feet EoL
Flower color White Wikipedia
Flower shape
Floral symmetry
Phyllotaxy of leaves Opposite
Leaf shape Elliptical
Is the leaf petiolated or sessile?
Is the leaf simple or compound?

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
IUCN Conservation Status Not Evaluated
Indian States in which the species has been documented Sasya Sampada
Locations at which the species has been documented
Biotic zones inhabited West Coast Plants of India
Details about the habitat cultivated,Cultivated fields,Cultivated fields and Plains,cultivated in gardens,Decidious forest,dry mixed forests,Escape,forest edges,Gardens,Gardens and Roadsides,House gardens,Plains,River Banks,Sandy scrup jungles,Temple gardens,Tropical regions,Undergrowth,Undergrowth forests,waste land,Wild Plants of India
Is this species native to India? Yes Flowers of India
Is the species indigenous/endemic to Sub-Himalayan regions?
Is the species indigenous/endemic to Western Ghats?
Is the species indigenous/endemic to Eastern Ghats?

More plants native to India

Species nameCommon nameCommon Hindi namePlant typeNative plantBiotic zone
Abelmoschus moschatusOkra, Abelmosk, Ambrette seeds, Annual hibiscus, Bamia Moschata, Galu Gasturi, Muskdana, Musk mallow, Musk okra, Musk seeds, Ornamental okra, Rose mallow seeds, Tropical jewel hibiscus, Yorka okraमुश्कदाना Mushkdana, कस्तूरीदाना Kasturi-dana, जंगली भिंडी Jangli bhindiYes
Acacia concinnaSoap podशिकाकाई ShikakaiYesNortheastern Himalayas
Eastern Ghats
Western Ghats
Central Deccan Plateau
East Coast
West Coast
Indo-Gangetic Plain
Acrostichum aureumGolden leatherfern, Mangrove fernYesNortheastern Himalayas
Eastern Ghats
East Coast
Indo-Gangetic Plain
Outlying Islands
Aegle marmelosBel, Beli fruit, Bengal quince, Stone apple, Wood appleबेल BelYes
Allium sativumCultivated Garlicलेह्सन LehsanYes
… further results

If no maps are displayed below, it means the required data is absent. Click on "Edit with form" button on top of the page to add this information.

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Does this species have any medicinal use? Yes

Other plants of the same family having medicinal use:

Species nameCommon nameCommon Hindi nameFamilyAilment typeMedicinal use description
Jasminum sambacJasmineबेला Bela, मोतिया Motiya, मोगरा MograOleaceae
Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
General types of ailments this species is used for treating
Specific ailments for which the species is used congestive headache, sore eyes, fever, skin complaints and ulcers. Sasya Sampada
Medicinal systems which use this plant
Details of Medicinal use
Parts of the plant used for treatment Root, Leaves, Flower Sasya Sampada
Names of some medicinal active compounds in this plant, if known.
Details of the active chemical compounds found in this plant
Is the molecular basis of the medicinal action known?
Details of molecular basis of action
Are the toxic effects of consumption of this plant known?
Details of the toxic effects of the plant species
Have there been validation/clinical studies related to this plant?
Details of the clinical studies related to the plant species

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Is this plant/plant-derived product used in food preparations? Yes User-reported
Part(s) of the plant used in the food preparations Flower
Details of use in food preparations Used to flavor tea,water.
Does this species have any religious significance? Yes User-reported
Religions which mention/give significance to this species Hinduism, Buddhism EoL
Religious occasions Hindu Puja Supriyak
Details of religious use Jasmine flowers are used in many religious occasions as offerings to Gods. Garlands made from Jasmine flowers, as shown above, are adorned by women during special occasions. Wikipedia,Supriyak

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Is this plant cultivated commercially in India? Yes Sasya Sampada
Uses for which the plant is commercially cultivated Human consumption, Ornamental use Sasya Sampada
Plant parts of commercial value
Products where this plant is used User-reported
Description of use Flavouring agent: to flavour tea in China, Making Perfumes,for making garlands and bouquets and for religious offerings. Sasya Sampada
States where this plant is cultivated commercially Plants of India
Best period for planting this plant
Best period for harvesting this plant Summer, Monsoon
Method of propagation Seeds Sasya Sampada
Water requirement of this plant
Pests and Diseases affecting this plant during cultivation
Other considerations while cultivating this plant It can be grown in a variety of climate and soils. Generally, it prefers mild tropical climate for proper growth and flowering. Mild winter, warm summer, moderate rainfall and sunny days are ideal climatic requirement. Loamy garden soils are best-suited for cultivation of all species and varieties. With liberal application of manure and assured water supply, jasmines can also be grown suitably in sandy soils. In clayey soil, flower production is hampered to a great extent. This type of soil can be improved by adding lime and applying organic manures.

Pests: J. sambac is often attacked by scale insects, resulting in black fungal growths on leaves. The larvae of jasmine fly, a cecidomyiid, cause considerable damage to buds. Spraying with Parathion (0.025%) with Sandovt as adhesive checks the pest to a consider-able extent Diseases - Nematode and root rot are the major diseases attacking the jasmine crop.

Plants of India, Agrohortico,Keralaagriculture


Pubmed Word cloud

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  • If there is an error message below, it means that there is no retrievable information available on NCBI
  • If the number of nucleotide sequences is less than 100, very little genomic work has been done on this species. A respectable number of nucleotide sequences is above 10000.
  • Most of the nucleotide sequences may come from three sources:
  1. Studies on single genes, where people try to sequence genes such as some specific dehydrogenases important,say, for tannin production
  2. Sequences of Ribosomal Internal Transcribed Spacer, whose sequence is used for generating molecular phylogenetic trees to establish species relationships
  3. Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) which can tell about which genes are present and expressed in the species at a particular time in the given tissue

{{#queryDB:taxonomy |Jasminum sambac }}

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Details of modern scientific knowledge available for this species
Are herbarium specimen available for this species?
Institutes having herbarium samples

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Mogra Bud
Mogra shrub

References

Agrohortico (Web): Cultivation, Accessdate=2010-July-31


Keralaagriculture (Web): Diseases, Accessdate=2010-July-31