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Curcuma longa
Ailment Blood clot prevention  + , Cancer  + , Cognitive function  + , Dyspepsia  + , Gall stone  + , High cholesterol  + , AIDS  + , Inflammation  + , Irritable bowel syndrome  + , Liver protection  + , Osteoarthritis  + , Peptic ulcers  + , Rheumatoid Arthritis  + , Scabies  + , Uveitis  + , Viral infection  + , Alzheimer's disease  +
Ailment type Infectious diseases  + , Accidents  + , Pains and Inflammation  + , Common ailments  + , Systemic disorders  + , Organ-specific disorders  + , Cancer  +
Biotic zone Eastern Ghats + , Western Ghats + , Central Deccan Plateau + , Indo-Gangetic Plain +
Bloom type Perennial +
Class Liliopsida +
Commercial application Human consumption  + , Agricultural use  + , Medicinal use  + , Cosmetic use  + , Ornamental use  + , Religious use  +
Common Indian names হালধি, Halodhi (Assamese); হলুদ Halud (Benহালধি, Halodhi (Assamese); হলুদ Halud (Bengali); હળદર Haldar (Gujarati); हल्दी Haldi (Hindi); Arishina, Arisina (Kannada); മഞ്ഞള്‍, Manjal (Malayalam); हळद Halad (Marathi); हल्दी Haldi (Nepali); Haladi (Oriya); Haridra, Marmarii (Sanskrit); மஞ்சள் Manjal (Tamil); హరిద్ర, Haridra (Telugu); Haldi, ہلدی (Urdu)ిద్ర, Haridra (Telugu); Haldi, ہلدی (Urdu)  +
Common hindi name हल्दी Haldi  +
Common name Common Turmeric  +
Division/Phylum Magnoliophyta +
Endemic Eastern Ghats true  +
Endemic Western Ghats true  +
Family Zingiberaceae +
Flower color White  +
Food plant part Rhizomes  +
Food use Yes  +
Food use description Turmeric powder is widely used in cooking in several parts of the world. In Indian cuisine, it is used as a spice in many dishes.  +
Genus Curcuma +
Habitat details Cultivated, Cultivated fields and Plains, Fields,Gardens, Kitchen gardens,Shaded moist places & Rocky Cliffs in primary forests  +
Header caption A close-up picture of Turmeric rhizome  +
Header image Turmericroot.jpg  +
IUCN status Not Evaluated  +
Introdescription ''Curcuma longa'' or Turmeric is a plant w''Curcuma longa'' or Turmeric is a plant with high medicinal and cultural value in India. The rhizome of the plant has medicinal properties. The dried root is ground into a powder which is used on several religious occasions in Hinduism. India is the largest producer of Turmeric in the world. (Adapted from Wikipedia)ric in the world. (Adapted from Wikipedia)  +
Leaf blade type Simple  +
Leaf petiole type Petiolated  +
Leaf phyllotaxy Opposite  +
Leaf shape Oblong  +
Location Amaravati,India  + , Bangalore,India  + , Bhopal,India  + , Chamoli,India  + , Champaran,India  + , Goa,India  + , Gorakhpur,India  + , Guntur,India  + , Jowai,India  + , Kolhapur,India  + , Lakhimpur,India  + , Madras,India  + , Mundage,India  + , Nagpur,India  + , Osmanabad,India  + , Raipur,India  + , Salem,India  + , South Arcot,India  + , Tambaram,India  + , Tiruchi,India  + , Udupi,India  + , Varanasi,India  +
Medicinal active compound Curcumin  + , Curcumin derivatives  + , Turmeronol  + , Curcumerone  + , Turmerone  + , stigmasterol  + , ß-sitosterol  + , anthraquinone  +
Medicinal active compound details Curcumin is the active ingredient in the tCurcumin is the active ingredient in the traditional herbal remedy.Curcumin has a surprisingly wide range of beneficial properties, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic activity. The pleiotropic activities of curcumin derive from its complex chemistry as well as its ability to influence multiple signaling pathways, including survival pathways such as those regulated by NF-κB, Akt, and growth factors; cytoprotective pathways dependent on Nrf2; and metastatic and angiogenic pathways. Curcumin is a free radical scavenger and hydrogen donor, and exhibits both pro- and antioxidant activity. It also binds metals, particularly iron and copper, and can function as an iron chelator. Curcumin is remarkably non-toxic and exhibits limited bioavailability. Curcumin exhibits great promise as a therapeutic agent, and is currently in human clinical trials for a variety of conditions, including multiple myeloma, pancreatic cancer, myelodysplastic syndromes, colon cancer, psoriasis and Alzheimer’s disease.cancer, psoriasis and Alzheimer’s disease.  +
Medicinal molecular basis Yes  +
Medicinal molecular basis description Reduces beta amyloid plaques, Reduces amouReduces beta amyloid plaques, Reduces amount of LDL. In HIV, Curcumin may act by interfering with P300/CREB-binding protein (CBP). Low concentrations may also inhibit Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) by inhibiting the recruitment of RNA pol II to viral DNA. Curcumin prevents lipid oxidation by upregulating Glutathione S transferase, an antioxidant enzyme. It causes an upregulation of the Brain Derived Neurotropic Factor (BDNF) causing neurogenesis in the brain. '''More detailed mechanisms with references are noted on Wikipedia entry on Curcumin (See references)'''edia entry on Curcumin (See references)'''  +
Medicinal significance Yes  +
Medicinal system Ayurveda +
Medicinal use description Although several studies have shown efficaAlthough several studies have shown efficacy of using turmeric for many diseases, reliable scientific evidence is lacking for many conditions. The important active component is a polyphenol called Curcumin. It has been shown to have antioxidant, antibiotic, antitumor, antiamyloid, antiischemic and antiinflammatory properties. '''See molecular details more more specific mode of action'''.ails more more specific mode of action'''.  +
Native species Yes  +
Order Zingiberales +
Page creation date 14 August 2010  +
Plant clinical studies Yes  +
Plant clinical study details As of 2008, numerous clinical trials in humans were underway, studying the effect of curcumin on various diseases including multiple myeloma, pancreatic cancer, myelodysplastic syndromes, colon cancer, psoriasis, and Alzheimer's disease.  +
Plant commercial Yes  +
Plant commercial part Rhizomes  +
Plant height 3 feet to 6 feet  +
Plant medicinal part Root  + , Rhizome  + , Leaves  +
Plant toxic effect details Excessive turmeric intake has been documenExcessive turmeric intake has been documented to stimulate menstruation and cause abortion. Despite several clinical trials performed, not a lot of adverse reactions have been reported, except for rare cases of contact dermatitis and anaphylaxis. An increased risk of kidney stones is possible in susceptible individuals. No reports of toxicity have been reported following ingestion of large amounts of turmeric. Turmeric may cause stomach upset upon large scale ingestion. Nausea/Diarrhoea have been reported. Curcumin not advised for people with gallstones as one report shows it may cause gallbladder squeezing. Not to be consumed in large amounts by people with immune system deficiencies or with hypoglycemic blood.m deficiencies or with hypoglycemic blood.  +
Plant toxic effects Yes  +
Plant type Herb  +
Propagation method Seeds  + , Vegetative propagation  +
Regnum Plantae +
Religious occasion Hindu Puja + , Weddings +
Religious significance Yes  +
Religious use description Turmeric paste is applied to the body of the bride before marriage to cleanse the body and make it more radiant. On religious occasions, Turmeric is applied to the forehead of devotees and also the forehead of the statues of gods.  +
Species name w:Curcuma longa +
State Assam  + , Andhra Pradesh  + , Bihar  + , Chhatisgarh  + , Goa  + , Karnataka  + , Madhya Pradesh  + , Maharashtra  + , Meghalaya  + , Orissa  + , Sikkim  + , Tamil Nadu  + , Uttar Pradesh  + , West Bengal  +
User ID User:Gauravm +
Water need Average  +
Has queryThis property is a special property in this wiki. Curcuma longa + , Curcuma longa + , Curcuma longa + , Curcuma longa + , Curcuma longa + , Curcuma longa + , Curcuma longa + , Curcuma longa + , Curcuma longa + , Curcuma longa + , Curcuma longa + , Curcuma longa + , Curcuma longa +
Categories Pages with a map rendered by the Maps extension  + , Stubs  + , Plants  + , Species page  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 8 September 2010 17:53:15  +
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