Property:Medicinal active compound details

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Pages using the property "Medicinal active compound details"

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Azadirachta indica +While the chemicals from Neem oil are known, their molecular basis of action is still unknown. Over 700 medicinal preparations have been described in ethnobotanical medicinal systems using Neem. Several sterols and terpenoids have been found in different parts of the Neem plant. Beta-Sitosterol, KAEMPFEROL, QUERCETIN, MYRICETIN present in the flower and leaf, Azadirachtin, NIMBIDIN present in the seed and stem bark have medicinal values, along with several other chemicals cited in the references. These chemicals can be extracted in the Neem oil, obtained from seed and fruit of the plant.  +


Barleria prionitis +Indoid glycosides, Barlerin, Verbascoside from flower have potent activity against respiratory syntial virus, which may account for the plant's use in fever and respiratory diseases.  +
Boerhavia diffusa +‘Punarnavoside’ found in roots of B. diffusa is a new antifibrinolytic compound.  +
Boswellia serrata +Stem bark - lupeol and b-sitostrol Root bark - naphthalene derivatives 'semigossypol' (related to gossypol thetoxic principle of cotton seed) Flowers - b-sitosterol, kaempherol and quercetin  +


Cedrus deodara +Lignan extract of stem wood of Cedrus deodara consisted of (-)-wikstromal (75-79%), (-)-matairesinol (9-13%) and benzylbutyrolactol (7-11%) and was studied for its in vitro cytotoxcity against human cancer cell lines.  +
Curcuma longa +Curcumin is the active ingredient in the traditional herbal remedy.Curcumin has a surprisingly wide range of beneficial properties, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic activity. The pleiotropic activities of curcumin derive from its complex chemistry as well as its ability to influence multiple signaling pathways, including survival pathways such as those regulated by NF-κB, Akt, and growth factors; cytoprotective pathways dependent on Nrf2; and metastatic and angiogenic pathways. Curcumin is a free radical scavenger and hydrogen donor, and exhibits both pro- and antioxidant activity. It also binds metals, particularly iron and copper, and can function as an iron chelator. Curcumin is remarkably non-toxic and exhibits limited bioavailability. Curcumin exhibits great promise as a therapeutic agent, and is currently in human clinical trials for a variety of conditions, including multiple myeloma, pancreatic cancer, myelodysplastic syndromes, colon cancer, psoriasis and Alzheimer’s disease.  +


Elettaria cardamomum +Most of the active compounds come from the volatile Cardamom oil, which varies from 6 to 10% of the mature seed weight.  +


Hygrophila auriculata +High concentration of Potassium and mucilage are two of active components.  +


Nelumbo nucifera +Quercetin, Luteolin, their glycoside derivatives and kaempferol glycoside are obtained from flowers and leaves. Leaves also contain benzyl tetrahydroisoquinoline, aporphine and 6a, 7-dehydroaporphine type of alkaloids. Thus basesroemerine, nuciferine, anonaine, pronuciferine, N-nor-nuciferine, liriodenine, nor-nuciferine, armepavine, N-methylcoclaurine, dehydronuciferine, dehydroroemerine, dehydroanomaine and N-methylisococlaurine have been obtained from the leaves, seed oil consisted mainly of linoleic, linolenic, palmitic acid oleic acid, with a small quantity of myristic acid.  +


Zingiber officinale +Over 400 different compounds have been identified in Ginger. Several volatile oils and sesquiterpenes give ginger its characteristic aroma. Gingerol, Paradol, Shogaol have been proven in many drug tests to have apoptotic activity in mice. Effect of ginger extract on platelet aggregation, osteoarthritic pain relief, pregnancy-related nausea have been documented, but remain inconclusive.  +