Acrostichum aureum

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Golden leatherfern photographed in Indonesia
Species name: Acrostichum aureum

Acrostrichum species generally inhabit warm and tropical regions. There are only 2-3 species known. (Source: Cook). This species grows profusely in mangroves and hence is also called Mangrove Fern.


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Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Names of users who have contributed to this species page Gauravm
Date on which this page was first created 2010/08/23
This page was last modified on: 6 September 2010 14:31:52
Name of the species Acrostichum aureum
ID on Encyclopedia of Life
Synonyms Please check Binomial Classification section for synonyms.
Common English Names Golden leatherfern, Mangrove fern
Common Hindi Names
Common Indian names
Origins/Meanings of the common names

Taxonomy from Encyclopedia of Life

If nothing is displayed in this section, it means the EoL ID has not been defined. Please click on Edit with form button on top and follow the instructions for filling in the EoL ID

{{#EoLOnlyHierarchy:}} 

Taxonomy filled in form

Angiosperm phylogeny. This image is copyrighted. Rights owned by Theodore C.H.Cole (Heidelberg) and Hartmut H. Hilger (Berlin) 2010. Please obtain copyright permissions before reuse.
Click here for the PDF of the phylogeny
Taxon Value
Regnum (Kingdom) Plantae
Division Pteridophyta
Class Filicopsida
Order Polypodiales
Family Parkeriaceae
Genus Acrostichum
Source of data USDA Plants profile

Other closely related species

SpeciesDivisionCommon nameCommon Hindi name
Equisetum ramosissimumBranched Horsetail
Marsilea minutaDwarf waterclover, Small watercloverचौपतिरा Chaupatira
Ceratopteris pteridoidesFloating antlerfern
… further results
SpeciesClassCommon nameCommon Hindi name
Marsilea minutaFilicopsidaDwarf waterclover, Small watercloverचौपतिरा Chaupatira
Ceratopteris pteridoidesFilicopsidaFloating antlerfern
Acrostichum aureumFilicopsidaGolden leatherfern, Mangrove fern
… further results
SpeciesOrderCommon nameCommon Hindi name
Ceratopteris pteridoidesPolypodialesFloating antlerfern
Acrostichum aureumPolypodialesGolden leatherfern, Mangrove fern
Microsorum pteropusPolypodialesJava fern
… further results
SpeciesFamilyCommon nameCommon Hindi name
Ceratopteris pteridoidesParkeriaceaeFloating antlerfern
Acrostichum aureumParkeriaceaeGolden leatherfern, Mangrove fern
Ceratopteris thalictroidesParkeriaceaeWater sprite, Indian fern, Water fern, Oriental waterfern, Water hornfern
SpeciesGenusCommon nameCommon Hindi name
Acrostichum aureumAcrostichumGolden leatherfern, Mangrove fern

Based on classification

More details can be found in the Binomial Classification section.

Morphology from Encyclopedia of Life

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General morphology

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
General morphological features of the plant The rhizomes are short and woody and can either be creeping or erect and covered by scales. Leaves are erect and develop in terminal rosettes. Well developed petioles but shorter than the blades. Leaf is pinnate and upto 3m long. Leaflets are tongue-shaped and upto 40cm long, leathery, with asymmetric base, rounded to cuneate, with entire margins and reticulate veins. The sporangia are not arranged on sori but borne on veins and on leaf tissue, with club-shaped hair scattered regularly on adaxial surface of leaves."The rhizomes are short and woody and can either be creeping or erect and covered by scales. Leaves are erect and develop in terminal rosettes. Well developed petioles but shorter than the blades. Leaf is pinnate and upto 3m long. Leaflets are tongue-shaped and upto 40cm long, leathery, with asymmetric base, rounded to cuneate, with entire margins and reticulate veins. The sporangia are not arranged on sori but borne on veins and on leaf tissue, with club-shaped hair scattered regularly on adaxial surface of leaves." cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. Cook
Seed dispersal mechanism Hydrophily (By water)
Bloom type Perennial Cook
Life cycle of the plant

How to identify this species

For a detailed description, refer to the General Morphology details above

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Type of plant Fern
Plant height Up to 3 feet
Flower color
Flower shape
Floral symmetry
Phyllotaxy of leaves
Leaf shape
Is the leaf petiolated or sessile? Petiolated Cook
Is the leaf simple or compound? Compound Cook

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
IUCN Conservation Status
Indian States in which the species has been documented Assam,Andaman and Nicobar Islands,Goa,Kerala,Maharashtra,Orissa,Punjab Cook
Locations at which the species has been documented
Biotic zones inhabited Northeastern Himalayas, Eastern Ghats, East Coast, Indo-Gangetic Plain, Outlying Islands Based on Cook
Details about the habitat The plants usually prefer brackish and saline marshes, in mangrove forests. Sunderbans is thus a perfect habitat for them. However they cannot tolerate flooding (Naturia) They are occasionally found in freshwater swamps, marshes and around lakes. However, it is only the sporophyte that can grow in high soil salinity, the gametophyte cannot tolerate as much salt.(Li)

Among the first large low-growing plants to grow on the landward side of the mangrove, the fern provides shade for other plants and trees to take root. But on cleared mangroves, it can form impenetrable thickets which prevents other plants from taking root. Thus it is often considered a weed. For animals, these thickets provide safety and shelter. Birds such as the Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea) make their nests in these thickets. (Naturia)

Cook, Li97, Naturia
Is this species native to India? Yes Based on information in Cook
Is the species indigenous/endemic to Sub-Himalayan regions?
Is the species indigenous/endemic to Western Ghats?
Is the species indigenous/endemic to Eastern Ghats?

More plants native to India

Species nameCommon nameCommon Hindi namePlant typeNative plantBiotic zone
Abelmoschus moschatusOkra, Abelmosk, Ambrette seeds, Annual hibiscus, Bamia Moschata, Galu Gasturi, Muskdana, Musk mallow, Musk okra, Musk seeds, Ornamental okra, Rose mallow seeds, Tropical jewel hibiscus, Yorka okraमुश्कदाना Mushkdana, कस्तूरीदाना Kasturi-dana, जंगली भिंडी Jangli bhindi
Acacia concinnaSoap podशिकाकाई ShikakaiWoody (Tree/Shrub)Northeastern Himalayas
Eastern Ghats
Western Ghats
Central Deccan Plateau
East Coast
West Coast
Indo-Gangetic Plain
Acrostichum aureumGolden leatherfern, Mangrove fernFernNortheastern Himalayas
Eastern Ghats
East Coast
Indo-Gangetic Plain
Outlying Islands
Allium sativumCultivated Garlicलेह्सन Lehsan
Alpinia allughasTaraTara (Bengali)HerbNortheastern Himalayas
… further results

If no maps are displayed below, it means the required data is absent. Click on "Edit with form" button on top of the page to add this information.
{{#generateMap:Assam,Andaman and Nicobar Islands,Goa,Kerala,Maharashtra,Orissa,Punjab|Acrostichumaureum_brahma.svg|align=center}}

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Does this species have any medicinal use? Yes

Other plants of the same family having medicinal use:

Species nameCommon nameCommon Hindi nameFamilyAilment typeMedicinal use description
Acrostichum aureumGolden leatherfern, Mangrove fernParkeriaceaeAccidentsThe methanolic extract of this plant has been shown to have selective toxicity against different cancerous cell lines and low toxicity to mouse fibroblasts. This cytotoxic activity on cancerous cells has been reported for HeLa cells too. In folk medicine, rhizomes are pounded into a paste and applied on wounds. Leaves are used to stop bleeding.
Ceratopteris thalictroidesWater sprite, Indian fern, Water fern, Oriental waterfern, Water hornfernParkeriaceaeAccidentsLeaf powder along with tumeric is applied to unhealed wounds.
Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
General types of ailments this species is used for treating Accidents
Specific ailments for which the species is used Wound, Boils, Bleeding Ethnoleaflets
Medicinal systems which use this plant Folk Medicine Google Search
Details of Medicinal use The methanolic extract of this plant has been shown to have selective toxicity against different cancerous cell lines and low toxicity to mouse fibroblasts. This cytotoxic activity on cancerous cells has been reported for HeLa cells too.

In folk medicine, rhizomes are pounded into a paste and applied on wounds. Leaves are used to stop bleeding.

Uddin09
Parts of the plant used for treatment Rhizome, Leaves Ethnoleaflets, Naturia
Names of some medicinal active compounds in this plant, if known.
Details of the active chemical compounds found in this plant
Is the molecular basis of the medicinal action known? No
Details of molecular basis of action
Are the toxic effects of consumption of this plant known? No
Details of the toxic effects of the plant species
Have there been validation/clinical studies related to this plant?
Details of the clinical studies related to the plant species

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Is this plant/plant-derived product used in food preparations? Yes User-reported
Part(s) of the plant used in the food preparations Stem, Leaves
Details of use in food preparations Young shoots can be eaten raw (Naturia). Leaves used as cattle feed.
Does this species have any religious significance? No User-reported
Religions which mention/give significance to this species
Religious occasions
Details of religious use

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Is this plant cultivated commercially in India? No
Uses for which the plant is commercially cultivated
Plant parts of commercial value
Products where this plant is used User-reported
Description of use
States where this plant is cultivated commercially
Best period for planting this plant
Best period for harvesting this plant
Method of propagation
Water requirement of this plant
Pests and Diseases affecting this plant during cultivation
Other considerations while cultivating this plant


Pubmed Word cloud

This word cloud is obtained using the tool LigerCat by searching the Pubmed database. LigerCat builds the cloud from the most relevant Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms. Each term's relative size indicates how many times it appears in the PubMed search results. Click on a term to access the full LigerCat cloud, with live PubMed search capabilities. LigerCat has been developed for the Biology of Aging Project.

The page may take some time to load since LigerCat is searching the entire PubMed database and sending us the results in real time.

  • If there is an error message below, it means that there is no retrievable information available on NCBI
  • If the number of nucleotide sequences is less than 100, very little genomic work has been done on this species. A respectable number of nucleotide sequences is above 10000.
  • Most of the nucleotide sequences may come from three sources:
  1. Studies on single genes, where people try to sequence genes such as some specific dehydrogenases important,say, for tannin production
  2. Sequences of Ribosomal Internal Transcribed Spacer, whose sequence is used for generating molecular phylogenetic trees to establish species relationships
  3. Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) which can tell about which genes are present and expressed in the species at a particular time in the given tissue

{{#queryDB:taxonomy |Acrostichum aureum }}

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Details of modern scientific knowledge available for this species
Are herbarium specimen available for this species?
Institutes having herbarium samples

References

Li97 (Journal) : Xiao-Ping LI and Bee-Lian (1997),Tolerance of gametophytes of Acrostichum aureum (L.) to salinity and water stress, Photosynthetica:34(1):21. doi=10.1023/A:1006851431516


Uddin09 (Journal) : Uddin Sheikh et al (2009),Cytotoxic Effects of Bangladeshi Medicinal Plant Extracts, Evid Based Complement Alternat Med:NA(NA):NA. doi=10.1093/ecam/nep111


Cook (Book) : Christopher D.K.Cook (1996),', ISBN: 0198548214


USDA Plants profile (Web): USDA Plants profile of this species, Accessdate=2010-08-23


Ethnoleaflets (Web): A Review on the Potential Uses of Ferns, Accessdate=2010-08-23


Naturia (Web): Naturia entry on Mangrove fern, Accessdate=2010-08-23