Garcinia cambogia

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The dried thick outer coat of its fruit is rich in acids and has been valued for its marked antiseptic properties. Its fruit was used use by the Bombay army as an antiscorbutic in 1799 along with 'Kokam'. Its dried rind, is used in Travancore-Cochin and Malabar as a condiment for flavouring curries as a substitute of tamarind or lime. In Srilanka, under-ripe dried fruit, is used along with salt in the curing of fish.


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Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Names of users who have contributed to this species page shwetankverma
Date on which this page was first created 2010/08/27
This page was last modified on: 6 September 2010 15:30:46
Name of the species Garcinia cambogia
ID on Encyclopedia of Life
Synonyms Please check Binomial Classification section for synonyms.
Common English Names Gamboge tree
Common Hindi Names
Common Indian names Hila, Velaiti imli(Hindi); Simehunese, Upagimara(Kannada); Darambo (Konakani); Kadumpuli, Kodapuli, Kodapuri, Pinaru, Zkodapuli , Pinaru(Malayalam); Malayalam

Dharambe (Malayalam); Kadumpuli, Kodakapuli, Kodakka puli, Kodapuli(Tamil); Simachinta (Telugu)

Plant database of India
Origins/Meanings of the common names

Taxonomy from Encyclopedia of Life

If nothing is displayed in this section, it means the EoL ID has not been defined. Please click on Edit with form button on top and follow the instructions for filling in the EoL ID

{{#EoLOnlyHierarchy:}} 

Taxonomy filled in form

Angiosperm phylogeny. This image is copyrighted. Rights owned by Theodore C.H.Cole (Heidelberg) and Hartmut H. Hilger (Berlin) 2010. Please obtain copyright permissions before reuse.
Click here for the PDF of the phylogeny
Taxon Value
Regnum (Kingdom) Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Malpighiales
Family Clusiaceae
Genus Garcinia
Source of data wiki

Other closely related species

SpeciesClassCommon nameCommon Hindi name
Acacia niloticaMagnoliopsidaArabic Gum, Black Piquant, Egyptian thorn, Prickly acaciaबबूल Babool,कीकर Kikar
Adansonia digitataMagnoliopsidaBaobabGorakh imli गोरख इमली
Anacardium occidentaleMagnoliopsidaCashewकाजू Kaju
… further results
SpeciesOrderCommon nameCommon Hindi name
Garcinia cambogiaMalpighialesGamboge tree
SpeciesFamilyCommon nameCommon Hindi name
Garcinia cambogiaClusiaceaeGamboge tree
SpeciesGenusCommon nameCommon Hindi name
Garcinia cambogiaGarciniaGamboge tree

Based on classification

More details can be found in the Binomial Classification section.

Morphology from Encyclopedia of Life

If nothing is displayed in this section, it means the EoL ID has not been defined. Please click on Edit with form button on top and follow the instructions for filling in the EoL ID

{{#EoLOnlyDescription:}} 

General morphology

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
General morphological features of the plant Himalaya
Seed dispersal mechanism
Bloom type
Life cycle of the plant

How to identify this species

For a detailed description, refer to the General Morphology details above

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Type of plant Woody (Tree/Shrub)
Plant height 6 feet to 10 feet
Flower color Yellow
Flower shape
Floral symmetry
Phyllotaxy of leaves
Leaf shape
Is the leaf petiolated or sessile?
Is the leaf simple or compound?

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
IUCN Conservation Status
Indian States in which the species has been documented Goa,Karnataka,Kerala,Maharashtra,Tamil Nadu Plant database of India
Locations at which the species has been documented
Biotic zones inhabited Western Ghats, West Coast
Details about the habitat
Is this species native to India? Yes
Is the species indigenous/endemic to Sub-Himalayan regions?
Is the species indigenous/endemic to Western Ghats? Yes
Is the species indigenous/endemic to Eastern Ghats?

More plants native to India

Species nameCommon nameCommon Hindi namePlant typeNative plantBiotic zone
Abelmoschus moschatusOkra, Abelmosk, Ambrette seeds, Annual hibiscus, Bamia Moschata, Galu Gasturi, Muskdana, Musk mallow, Musk okra, Musk seeds, Ornamental okra, Rose mallow seeds, Tropical jewel hibiscus, Yorka okraमुश्कदाना Mushkdana, कस्तूरीदाना Kasturi-dana, जंगली भिंडी Jangli bhindiYes
Acacia concinnaSoap podशिकाकाई ShikakaiYesNortheastern Himalayas
Eastern Ghats
Western Ghats
Central Deccan Plateau
East Coast
West Coast
Indo-Gangetic Plain
Acrostichum aureumGolden leatherfern, Mangrove fernYesNortheastern Himalayas
Eastern Ghats
East Coast
Indo-Gangetic Plain
Outlying Islands
Allium sativumCultivated Garlicलेह्सन LehsanYes
Alpinia allughasTaraTara (Bengali)YesNortheastern Himalayas
… further results

If no maps are displayed below, it means the required data is absent. Click on "Edit with form" button on top of the page to add this information.
{{#generateMap:Goa,Karnataka,Kerala,Maharashtra,Tamil Nadu|Garciniacambogia_brahma.svg|align=center}}

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Does this species have any medicinal use? Yes

Other plants of the same family having medicinal use:

Species nameCommon nameCommon Hindi nameFamilyAilment typeMedicinal use description
Garcinia cambogiaGamboge treeClusiaceae
Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
General types of ailments this species is used for treating
Specific ailments for which the species is used
Medicinal systems which use this plant Ayurveda, Folk Medicine Himalaya
Details of Medicinal use
Parts of the plant used for treatment
Names of some medicinal active compounds in this plant, if known.
Details of the active chemical compounds found in this plant
Is the molecular basis of the medicinal action known?
Details of molecular basis of action Garcinia cambogia extract contains (−)-hydroxycitric acid (HCA) which is found to suppress body fat accumulation in developing male Zucker obese (fa/fa) rats. Food and Chemical Toxicology
Are the toxic effects of consumption of this plant known?
Details of the toxic effects of the plant species
Have there been validation/clinical studies related to this plant?
Details of the clinical studies related to the plant species

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Is this plant/plant-derived product used in food preparations?
Part(s) of the plant used in the food preparations
Details of use in food preparations
Does this species have any religious significance?
Religions which mention/give significance to this species
Religious occasions
Details of religious use

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Is this plant cultivated commercially in India?
Uses for which the plant is commercially cultivated
Plant parts of commercial value
Products where this plant is used User-reported
Description of use
States where this plant is cultivated commercially
Best period for planting this plant
Best period for harvesting this plant
Method of propagation
Water requirement of this plant
Pests and Diseases affecting this plant during cultivation
Other considerations while cultivating this plant


Pubmed Word cloud

This word cloud is obtained using the tool LigerCat by searching the Pubmed database. LigerCat builds the cloud from the most relevant Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms. Each term's relative size indicates how many times it appears in the PubMed search results. Click on a term to access the full LigerCat cloud, with live PubMed search capabilities. LigerCat has been developed for the Biology of Aging Project.

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  • If there is an error message below, it means that there is no retrievable information available on NCBI
  • If the number of nucleotide sequences is less than 100, very little genomic work has been done on this species. A respectable number of nucleotide sequences is above 10000.
  • Most of the nucleotide sequences may come from three sources:
  1. Studies on single genes, where people try to sequence genes such as some specific dehydrogenases important,say, for tannin production
  2. Sequences of Ribosomal Internal Transcribed Spacer, whose sequence is used for generating molecular phylogenetic trees to establish species relationships
  3. Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) which can tell about which genes are present and expressed in the species at a particular time in the given tissue

{{#queryDB:taxonomy |Garcinia cambogia }}

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Details of modern scientific knowledge available for this species
Are herbarium specimen available for this species?
Institutes having herbarium samples

References

{{{refkeyword}}} (Journal) : M. Saito (2005),High dose of Garcinia cambogia is effective in suppressing fat accumulation in developing male Zucker obese rats, but highly toxic to the testis, Food and Chemical Toxicology:43(3):411. doi=doi:10.1016/j.fct.2004.11.008