Family-wise list of mammals

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FamilySpecies nameCommon nameIntrodescription
AiluridaeAilurus fulgensRed Panda
BalaenidaeBalaena mysticetusBowhead whale, Greenland right whale, Arctic whaleThe bowhead whale (Balaena mysticetus) is a baleen whale of the right whale family Balaenidae in suborder Mysticeti. A stocky dark-colored whale without a dorsal fin, it can grow to 20 meters (66 ft) in length. Estimated maximum weight of this thick-bodied species is 136 tonnes. It lives entirely in fertile Arctic and sub-Arctic waters, unlike other whales that migrate to feed or reproduce. It is also known as Greenland right whale or Arctic whale. The bowhead is perhaps the longest-living mammal, and has the largest mouth of any animal. The bowhead was an early whaling target. Its population was severely reduced before a 1966 moratorium. The population is estimated to be over 24,900 worldwide, down from an estimated 50,000 before whaling. (Source:Wikipedia)
BalaenopteridaeBalaenoptera acutorostrataNorthern minke whale, Common minke whaleThe common minke whale or northern minke whale, (Balaenoptera acutorostrata), is a species of minke whale within the suborder of baleen whales. Due to their relative abundance common minke whales are often the focus of whale-watching cruises. Common minke whales are frequently inquisitive and will indulge in "human-watching". In contrast to the spectacularly acrobatic humpback whale, minkes do not raise their fluke out of the water when diving and are less likely to breach. Minkes can stay submerged for as long as twenty minutes.(Source:Wikipedia)
BalaenopteridaeBalaenoptera musculusBlue whaleThe blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus) is a marine mammal belonging to the suborder of baleen whales. It is the largest animal ever known to have existed. Two subspecies - B. m. brevicauda and B. m. indica - are found in Indian territorial waters. Blue whales were abundant in nearly all the oceans on Earth until the beginning of the twentieth century. For over a century, they were hunted almost to extinction by whalers until protected by the international community in 1966. A 2002 report estimated there were 5,000 to 12,000 blue whales worldwide (Source:Wikipedia)
BalaenopteridaeBalaenoptera edeniBryde's whaleBryde's whales are baleen whales, one of the "great whales" or rorquals. They prefer tropical and temperate waters over the polar seas that other whales in their family frequent. They are largely coastal rather than pelagic. Bryde's whales are very similar in appearance to sei whales and almost as large. They inhabit tropical and subtropical waters worldwide. (Source:Wikipedia)
BalaenopteridaeBalaenoptera borealisSei whaleThe sei whale (pronounced /ˈseɪ/ or /ˈsaɪ/), Balaenoptera borealis, is a baleen whale, the third-largest rorqual after the blue whale and the fin whale. It inhabits most oceans and adjoining seas, and prefers deep offshore waters. It is among the fastest of all cetaceans, and can reach speeds of up to 50 kilometres per hour over short distances. Following large-scale commercial whaling during the late-nineteenth and twentieth centuries, when over 238,000 whales were taken, the sei whale is now internationally protected, although limited hunting occurs under controversial research programmes conducted by Iceland and Japan. As of 2006, its worldwide population was about 54,000, about a fifth of its pre-whaling population. (Source:Wikipedia)
BalaenopteridaeBalaenoptera physalusFinback whale, Fin whale, Razorback, Common rorqualThe fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus), also called the finback whale, razorback, or common rorqual, is a marine mammal belonging to the suborder of baleen whales. It is the second largest whale and the second largest living animal after the blue whale, growing to nearly 27 meters. Like all other large whales, the fin whale was heavily hunted during the twentieth century and is an endangered species. Almost 750,000 fin whales were taken from the Southern Hemisphere alone between 1904 and 1979 and less than 3,000 currently remain in that region. The International Whaling Commission (IWC) has issued a moratorium on commercial hunting of this whale, although Iceland and Japan have resumed hunting. (Source:Wikipedia)
BalaenopteridaeMegaptera novaeangliaeHumpback whaleThe humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) is a species of baleen whale. It is an acrobatic animal, often breaching and slapping the water. Found in oceans and seas around the world, humpback whales typically migrate up to 25,000 kilometres each year. Humpbacks feed only in summer, in polar waters, and migrate to tropical or sub-tropical waters to breed and give birth in the winter. Like other large whales, the humpback was and is a target for the whaling industry. Due to over-hunting, its population fell by an estimated 90% before a whaling moratorium was introduced in 1966. Stocks have since partially recovered; however, entanglement in fishing gear, collisions with ships, and noise pollution also remain concerns. There are at least 80,000 humpback whales worldwide. (Source:Wikipedia)
BovidaeProcapra picticaudataTibetan Gazelle, GoaThe Tibetan Gazelle (Procapra picticaudata), also called Goa, is a species of antelope that inhabits the Tibetan plateau. Goas are native to the Tibetan plateau, and are widespread throughout the South western China and Tiber. There are tiny populations in the Ladakh and Sikkim regions of India. Although Goa popularions have declined over recent years, over most of their range they do not inhabit regions of high human population, and do not significantly compete with local livestock. They are classified as Near Threatened by IUCN (Source:Wikipedia)
BovidaeOvis vigneiUrial, Arkars, ShapoThe Urial (Ovis orientalis), also known as the Arkars or Shapo, is a species of wild sheep. Noticeable features are the reddish-brown long fur that fades during winter; males are characterized by a black ruff stretching from the neck to the chest and large horns. It is primarily found in western central Asia, but populations also exist in Ladakh (Source:Wikipedia)
BovidaeCapra falconeriMarkhorThe Markhor (Capra falconeri) is a large species of wild goat that is found in northeastern Afghanistan, Pakistan, Jammu and Kashmir in India, southern Tajikistan and southern Uzbekistan. The species is classed by the IUCN as Endangered, as there are fewer than 2,500 mature individuals which continued to decline by an estimated 20% over 2 generations. The Markhor is the National Animal of Pakistan. (Source:Wikipedia)
BovidaeTetracerus quadricornisFour Horned antelopeThe Four-horned Antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) also known as the Chousingha is an antelope found in open forest in South Asia. It is the only species currently classified in the genus Tetracerus. Its primary distribution is in India extending South of the Gangetic plains down to the state of Tamilnadu. Orissa constitutes the Eastern boundary of its distribution whereas the fragmented population at Gir is its westernmost distribution. A small population is also found in the drier forests of Nepal. (Source:Wikipedia)
BovidaeNaemorhedus sumatraensisSerow, Himalayan SerowThe Himalayan Serow (Capricornis thar) is a vulnerable goat-antelope, native to eastern and southeastern Bangladesh, the Himalayas (Bhutan, northern India, and Nepal), northeastern India, and probably western Burma. It has been considered a subspecies of C. sumatraensis. (Source:Wikipedia)
BovidaeBudorcas taxicolorTakinThe Takin (Budorcas taxicolor) is a goat-antelope found in the Eastern Himalayas. Mitochondrial research shows that takin are related to sheep, its similarity to the muskox being an example of convergent evolution. The takin is the national animal of Bhutan. (Source:Wikipedia)
BovidaePseudois nayaurBharal, Himalayan blue sheep, NaurThe bharal or Himalayan blue sheep or naur, Pseudois nayaur, is a caprid found in the high Himalayas of Nepal, Tibet, China, India, Pakistan, and Bhutan. The bharal has horns that grow upwards, curve out and then towards the back, somewhat like an upside down mustache. Many Buddhist monasteries protect the bharal that are found around them. (Source:Wikipedia)
BovidaePantholops hodgsoniiTibetan antelope, ChiruThe Tibetan antelope or chiru (Pantholops hodgsonii) is a medium-sized bovid which is about 80 centimetres (2.6 ft) in height at the shoulder. It is the sole species in the genus Pantholops and is placed in its own subfamily, Pantholopinae. It is native to the Tibetan plateau and in Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir region of India and Pakistan. There are less than 75,000 individuals left in the wild, down from a million 50 years ago. (Source:Wikipedia)
BovidaeBoselaphus tragocamelusNilgai,Blue bullThe Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus), sometimes called nilgau, is an antelope, and is one of the most commonly seen wild animals of central and northern India and eastern Pakistan; it is also present in parts of southern Nepal. The mature males appear ox-like and are also known as blue bulls. The nilgai is the biggest Asian antelope. (Source:Wikipedia)
BovidaeBos grunniensYak,Grunting oxThe yak (Bos grunniens), is a long-haired bovine found throughout the Himalayan region of south Central Asia, the Tibetan Plateau and as far north as Mongolia and Russia. In addition to a large domestic population, there is a small, vulnerable wild yak population. In the 1990's, a concerted effort was undertaken to help save the wild yak population. Domesticated yaks are kept primarily for their milk, fibre and meat, and as beasts of burden. Their dried dung is an important fuel, used all over Tibet, and is often the only fuel available on the high treeless Tibetan plateau. Yaks transport goods across mountain passes for local farmers and traders as well as for climbing and trekking expeditions. (Source:Wikipedia)
BovidaeNaemorhedus goralHimalayan Goral, Gray GoralThe Himalayan Goral (Naemorhedus goral), also known as the Gray Goral, is a small, rough-haired, cylindrical-horned ruminant native to the Himalayas. In the past, it was also known as Urotragus goral. The Himalayan Goral is found in the forests of the Himalayas and Hindukush, usually between 1000 and 4000 m in elevation. The IUCN classifies the Himalayan Goral as Near Threatened. (Source:Wikipedia)
BovidaeBubalis bubalisWater buffalo,Wild Asian buffalo,Wild Asiatic buffaloThe wild water buffalo (Bubalis bubalis arnee or 'Bubalus arnee) is a large ungulate, a member of the bovine subfamily and the ancestor of the domestic water buffalo. It is the second largest wild bovid, smaller only than the Gaur. It is an endangered species, thought to survive in (from west to east) India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and Thailand. Wild Asian water buffalo are extinct in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Laos and Viet Nam. (Source:Wikipedia) Although domesticated water buffalo are thriving and are distributed well beyond their native range, true wild water buffalo are in jeopardy. It may be that no true wild water buffalo exist, but have been lost to interbreeding with domesticated or feral buffalo. (Source:Encyclopedia of Life through Animal Diversity Web)
BovidaeBos frontalisGaur, Indian bisonThe gaur (pronounced /ˈɡaʊər/) (Bos gaurus, previously Bibos gauris) is a large, dark-coated forest ungulate of South Asia and Southeast Asia. The largest populations are found today in India. The gaur belongs to the Bovinae subfamily, which also includes bison, domestic cattle, yak and water buffalo. The gaur is the largest species of wild cattle, bigger than the African buffalo, the extinct aurochs (the ancestor of domestic cattle), wild water buffalo or bison.
BovidaeOvis ammonArgali, Mountain sheep, Marco Polo sheepThe Argali, or the mountain sheep (Ovis ammon) is a wild sheep, which roams the highlands of Central Asia (Himalaya, Tibet, Altay). It is also the biggest wild sheep, standing as high as 120 cm and weighing as much as 180 kg. The Pamir argali (also called Marco Polo sheep, for they were first described by that traveller) may attain more than 6 ft in length.
BovidaeAntilope cervicapraBlackbuckBlackbuck (Antilope cervicapra), is a species of antelope found mainly in India, and also in some parts of southern Nepal, and Pakistan. It is one of the fastest of all terrestrial animals reaching to speeds of up to 80 km/h. According to the Hindu mythology Blackbuck is considered as the vehicle (vahana) of the Moon-goddess Chandrama. According to the Garuda Purana of Hindu Mythology, Krishna Jinka bestows prosperity in the areas where they live. This deer is considered sacred by the Bishnoi tribe in Rajasthan. The blackbuck is under legal protection in India. (Source:Wikipedia)
BovidaeCapra sibiricaSiberian IbexThe Siberian Ibex (Capra sibirica) is a species of ibex that lives in central and northern Asia. Usually living at high elevations, sometimes at the vegetation line and well above the tree line, they seek out lower slopes during the winter in search of food. When snow is heavy, they have to paw away snow to reach the vegetation below. Siberian Ibex is found in Northwestern Himalayan regions of India. (Source:Wikipedia)
CanidaeVulpes ferrilataTibet Fox, Sand FoxThe Tibetan Sand Fox (Vulpes ferrilata) is a species of true fox endemic to the high Tibetan Plateau in Nepal, China, and India, up to altitudes of about 5300 m. It is classed as Least Concern for extinction by the IUCN, on account of its widespread range in the Tibetan Plateau's steppes and semi-deserts.
CanidaeVulpes canaBlanford's foxBlanford's Fox (Vulpes cana), is a small fox found in certain regions of the Middle East and some parts of India.
CanidaeCanis lupusGray WolfThe gray wolf or grey wolf (Canis lupus), often known simply as the wolf, is the largest wild member of the Canidae family and ancestors of the domestic dog. Though once abundant over much of Eurasia, North Africa and North America, the gray wolf inhabits a reduced portion of its former range due to widespread destruction of its territory, human encroachment, and the resulting human-wolf encounters that sparked broad extirpation. Even so, the gray wolf is regarded as being of least concern for extinction by the IUCN, when the entire gray wolf population is considered as a whole. Today, wolves are protected in some areas, hunted for sport in others, or may be subject to population control or extermination as threats to livestock and pets. In areas where human cultures and wolves both occur, wolves frequently feature in the folklore and mythology of those cultures, both positively and negatively. Also, studies on the genetic distance for mitochondrial DNA on dogs and Eurasian wolves confirmed that wolves are the exclusive ancestral species to dogs.(Source:Wikipedia)
CanidaeVulpes vulpesRed FoxThe Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) is the largest of the true foxes, as well as being the most geographically spread member of the Carnivora, being distributed across the entire northern hemisphere from the Arctic Circle to North Africa, Central America, and the steppes of Asia. Its range has increased alongside human expansion, having been introduced to Australasia, where it is considered harmful to native mammal and bird populations. Because of these factors, it is listed as Least Concern for extinction by the IUCN. The species has a long history of association with humans, having been extensively hunted as a pest and furbearer for centuries, as well as being prominently represented in human folklore and mythology. Because of its widespread distribution and large population, the red fox is one of the most important furbearing animals harvested for the fur trade. (Source:Wikipedia)
CanidaeCuon alpinusDholeThe Dhole (Cuon alpinus) is a species of canid native to Southeast Asia. It is the only extant member of the genus Cuon, which differs from Canis by the reduced number of molars and greater number of teats. The dholes are classed as endangered by the IUCN, due to ongoing habitat loss, depletion of its prey base, competition from other predators, persecution and possibly diseases from domestic and feral dogs.

The dhole is highly social animal, living in large clans which occasionally split up into small packs to hunt. It primarily preys on medium-sized ungulates, which it hunts by tiring them out in long chases, and kills by disemboweling them. Unlike most social canids (but similar to African wild dogs), dholes let their pups eat first at a kill. Though fearful of humans, dhole packs are bold enough to attack large and dangerous animals such as wild boar, water buffalo, and even tigers.

In India, they still occur in India south of the Ganges River, especially in the Central Indian Highlands and the Western and Eastern Ghats. Dholes also occur in northeast India's states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya and West Bengal. They have a precarious, fragmented distribution in Himalaya and north-west India. They are occasionally reported in the Ladakh area of Kashmir, contiguous with the Tibetan highlands and China. (Source:Wikipedia)
CanidaeCanis aureusGolden JackalThe Golden jackal (Canis aureus) is a medium-sized species of canid. It is a highly adaptable species, being able to exploit different foodstuffs and live in numerous different habitats, including the African savannahs, the mountains of the Caucasus and the forests of India. It is the largest of the jackals, and the only species to occur outside Africa, with 13 different subspecies being recognised. The golden jackal is sometimes featured in the folklore and mythology of human cultures with which it is sympatric: in Indian folklore, it is portrayed as a trickster, while in Ancient Egyptian religion, it played a central role under the guise of Anubis, the god of embalming. (Source:Wikipedia)
CanidaeVulpes bengalensisBengal FoxThe Bengal Fox (Vulpes bengalensis), also known as the Indian Fox, is a fox endemic to the Indian subcontinent and is found from the Himalayan foothills and Terai of Nepal through southern India and from southern and eastern Pakistan to eastern India and southeastern Bangladesh. Lack of habitat protection,disease and hunting are the greatest threat to the Indian fox. Its body parts are used in traditional medicine, and in some areas it is eaten. They are hunted by the narikuruva tribes of southern India.In Karnataka, they are captured in rituals conducted during Sankranthi. (Source:Wikipedia)
CercopithecidaeMacaca assamensisAssamese macaqueThe Assam Macaque (Macaca assamensis) is a macaque of the Old World monkey family native to South and Southeast Asia. Since 2008, the species is listed as Near Threatened by IUCN, as it is experiencing significant declines due to hunting, habitat degradation and fragmentation
CercopithecidaeTrachypithecus phayreiPhayre's Leaf Monkey, Phayre's LangurPhayre's Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus phayrei), also known as Phayre's Langur, is a species of lutung found in Southeast Asia. The species epithet commemorates Arthur Purves Phayre. Its range includes Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, China, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam. It is mostly arboreal and feeds on leaves of a large number of tree species. (Source:Wikipedia)
CercopithecidaeTrachypithecus pileatusCapped Langur, Capped monkeyThe Capped Langur (Trachypithecus pileatus) is a species of primate in the Cercopithecidae family. It is found in Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, China, India, and Myanmar. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry forests. It is threatened by habitat loss. (Source:Wikipedia)
CervidaeMuntiacus muntjakBarking deer,Common Muntjac, Indian MuntjacThe Common Muntjac, also called Indian Muntjac or the Barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak) is the most numerous muntjac deer species. It has soft, short, brownish or greyish hair, sometimes with creamy markings. This species is omnivorous, feeding on fruits, shoots, seeds, birds' eggs as well as small animals and even carrion. It gives calls similar to barking, usually on sensing a predator (hence the common name for all muntjacs of barking deer).
CervidaeAxis porcinusHog DeerThe Hog Deer (Axis porcinus) is a small deer whose habitat ranges from Pakistan, through northern India, to mainland southeast Asia. The subspecies Axis porcinus porcinus is spread across most of the Indo-Gangetic plain. The hog deer gets its name from the hog-like manner in which it runs through the forests with its head hung low so that it can duck under obstacles instead of leaping over them like most other deer. (Source:Wikipedia)
CervidaeCervus eldiEld's Deer, Thamin, Brow-antlered DeerEld's Deer (Rucervus eldii), also known as the Thamin or Brow-antlered Deer, is an endangered species of deer indigenous to southeastern Asia. The species was first discovered by westerners in Manipur in India in 1839. The scientific name Cervus eldi was coined in 1844 in honour of Lt. Percy Eld – a British officer. According to the Forest Department's census in 2003, only 180 individuals of the species remain in the wild. (Source:Wikipedia)
CervidaeCervus unicolorSambarThe Sambar (Rusa unicolor) is a large deer native to southern and southeast Asia. Although it primarily refers to R. unicolor, the name Sambar is also sometimes used to refer to the Philippine Deer (called the Philippine Sambar) and the Rusa Deer (called the Sunda Sambar). The Sambar inhabits much of southern Asia, from southern China to Indonesia. Genetic analysis shows that the closest living relative of the sambar is probably the Javan rusa of Indonesia. (Source:Wikipedia)
CervidaeCervus elaphusKashmir Stag, Hangul, Red DeerThe Kashmir stag (Cervus elaphus hanglu), also called hangul, is a subspecies of Red Deer native to northern Pakistan and India, especially in Jammu and Kashmir where it is the state animal. This deer lives in groups of two to 18 individuals in dense riverine forests, high valleys, and mountains of the Kashmir valley and northern Chamba in Himachal Pradesh. In Kashmir, it's found in Dachigam National Park at elevations of 3,035 meters. During 1940's, their number was believed to be about 3,000-5,000. As per the latest census in 2008, only around 160 exist. (Source:Wikipedia)
CervidaeAxis axisChital, Cheetal, Chital stag,Spotted deer,Axis deerThe chital or cheetal (Axis axis), also known as chital deer, spotted deer or axis deer is a deer which commonly inhabits wooded regions of Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, and in small numbers in Pakistan. It is the most common deer species in Indian forests.(Source:Wikipedia)
DelphinidaeSousa chinensisIndo-pacific humpbacked dolphinThe Chinese white dolphin (Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin; Sousa chinensis) is a humpback dolphin species, one of eighty cetacean species. At birth, the dolphins are black. They change to grey, then pinkish with spots when young. Adults are white.(Source:Wikipedia)
DelphinidaeOrcaella brevirostrisIrrawaddy dolphinThe Irrawaddy Dolphin (Orcaella brevirostris) is a euryhaline species of Oceanic dolphin found in discontinuous sub-populations near sea coasts and in estuaries and rivers in parts of the Bay of Bengal and Southeast Asia. Genetically the Irrawaddy Dolphin is closely related to the Orca (Killer whale). Although sometimes called the Irrawaddy River Dolphin, it is not a true river dolphin but an oceanic dolphin that lives in brackish water near coasts, river mouths and in estuaries. It has established sub-populations in freshwater rivers, including the Ganges and the Mekong as well as the Irrawaddy River from which it takes its name. Its range extends from the Bay of Bengal to New Guinea and the Philippines. Populations in India may be vulnerable to extinction. (Source:Wikipedia)
DelphinidaePseudorca crassidensFalse killer whaleThe False Killer Whale (Pseudorca crassidens) is a cetacean, and the third largest member of the oceanic dolphin family (Delphinidae). It lives in temperate and tropical waters throughout the world. As its name implies, the False Killer Whale shares characteristics such as appearance with the more widely known Orca (killer whale). Like the orca, the False Killer Whale attacks and kills other cetaceans. However, the two species are not closely related. The False Killer Whale has not been extensively studied in the wild; much of the data about it has been derived by examining stranded animals. The species is the only member of the Pseudorca genus.(Source:Wikipedia)
DelphinidaeOrcinus orcaOrca,Killer whaleThe killer whale (Orcinus orca), also called Orca,or blackfish, is a toothed whale belonging to the oceanic dolphin family. Killer whales are found in all oceans, from the frigid Arctic and Antarctic regions to tropical seas. Killer whales as a species have a diverse diet including fish, sea lions, seals, walruses and even large whales. Killer whales are regarded as apex predators, lacking natural predators and preying on even large sharks. Being an apex predator, the killer whale is particularly at risk of poisoning from accumulation of toxins, including polychlorinated biphenyls

Killer whales are highly social; some populations are composed of matrilineal family groups which are the most stable of any animal species. Their sophisticated hunting techniques and vocal behaviors, which are often specific to a particular group and passed across generations, have been described as manifestations of culture.

Although IUCN considers these species as data-deficient, many local populations are endangered/threatened or vulnerable. (Source:Wikipedia)
DelphinidaeSteno bredanensisRough-toothed dolphinThe Rough-toothed Dolphin (Steno bredanensis) is a fairly large dolphin that can be found in deep warm and tropical waters around the world. The species is social. Group sizes are commonly as large as fifty and groups as large as 100 have been reported. Rough-toothed dolphins adapt well to captivity and have proven to be intelligent and creative. Less than a dozen Rough-toothed dolphins live in various dolphinariums around the world. (Source:Wikipedia)
DelphinidaePeponocephala electraMelon-headed whale, Many-toothed blackfish, Electra dolphinThe melon-headed whale (Peponocephala electra) is a cetacean of the oceanic dolphin family (Delphinidae). It is closely related to the pygmy killer whale and pilot whale, and collectively these dolphin species are known by the common name blackfish. It is also related to the false killer whale. The melon-headed whale is widespread throughout the world's tropical waters, although not often seen by humans because it prefers deep water. (Source:Wikipedia)
DelphinidaeGlobicephala macrorhynchusShort-finned pilot whaleThe Short-finned Pilot Whale (Globicephala macrorhynchus) is one of the two species of cetacean in the genus Globicephala. It is part of the oceanic dolphin family (Delphinidae), though its behaviour is closer to that of the larger whales. Short-finned Pilot Whales are very sociable and are rarely seen alone. They are found in groups of ten to thirty, though some pods are as large as sixty. hey are known as the 'Cheetahs of the Deep' for the high speed pursuits of squids at depths of hundreds of metres. (Source:Wikipedia)
DelphinidaeTursiops truncatusBottle-nosed dolphinTursiops truncatus, commonly known as the Common Bottlenose Dolphin, is the most well-known species from the family Delphinidae. Common bottlenose dolphins are the most familiar dolphins due to the wide exposure they receive in captivity in marine parks, dolphinarias, in movies, and television programs. T. truncatus are the largest species of the beaked dolphins. They have a bigger brain than humans. There have been numerous investigations of Common Bottlenose Dolphin intelligence, including tests of mimicry, use of artificial language, object categorization, and self-recognition. (Source:Wikipedia)
DelphinidaeStenella coeruleoalbaStriped dolphinThe Striped Dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba) is an extensively studied dolphin that is found in temperate and tropical waters of all the world's oceans. (Source:Wikipedia)
DelphinidaeDelphinus delphisSaddle-backed dolphinThe short-beaked common dolphin (Delphinus delphis) is a species of common dolphin. It has a larger range than the long-beaked common dolphin (D. capensis) , occurring throughout warm-temperate and tropical oceans, with the possible exception of the Indian Ocean. Short-beaked common dolphins can live in aggregations of hundreds or even thousands of dolphins.They sometimes associate with other dolphin species, such as pilot whales. They have also been observed bow riding on baleen whales, and they also bow ride on boats. It is a fast swimmer (up to 60 km/h), and breaching behavior and aerial acrobatics are common with this species.(Source:Wikipedia).
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