According to the Indian Statistical Report, 2011 , the following are the principal crops of India*.
|Crop||Crop group||State with the highest area under cultivation (till 2008-09)||Area (in thousand hectares)||State with highest production||Yield (in thousand tonnes)||Second highest yield|
|Rice||Cereals||Uttar Pradesh||6034||West Bengal||15037||13097 (UP)|
|Maize||Cereals||Karnataka||5175||Andhra Pradesh||4152||3029 (KN)|
|Small millets||Cereals||Madhya Pradesh||307||Uttarakhand||89||89 (MP)|
|Wheat||Cereals||Uttar Pradesh||9513||Uttar Pradesh||28554||15733 (PJ)|
|Gram||Pulses||Madhya Pradesh||2841||Madhya Pradesh||2786||981 (RJ)|
|Other Pulses||Pulses||Rajasthan||2394||Uttar Pradesh||1148||830 (RJ)|
|Rapeseed and mustard||Oilseed||Rajasthan||2388||Rajasthan||3806||874 (UP)|
|Linseed||Oilseed||Madhya Pradesh||126||Madhya Pradesh||48||27 (UK)|
|Cotton||Others||Maharashtra||3107||Gujarat||8787 (000 bales)||4618 (GJ)|
|Jute||Others||West Bengal||596||West Bengal||8412 (000 bales)||1253 (BH)|
|Mesta||Others||Andhra Pradesh||62||Andhra Pradesh||544 (000 bales)||137 (BH)|
|Sugarcane||Others||Maharashtra||761||Uttar Pradesh||109048||60648 (MH)|
* Absence of data may contribute to all comparisons. Although other crops such as Tea, Coffee, Natural rubber, Tobacco, Potato, Black pepper, Chillies, Ginger, Coconut, Turmeric as mentioned as principal crops in the report, no state-wise information is available for these.
The following trends show that both the area under cultivation as well as the yields have remained more or less constant over the last ten years. India's population is projected to grow from 1.2 billion today to 1.6 billion by 2050. We certainly need to increase the yields of our principal crops. However, we cannot encroach upon forest land and wildlife habitats for this purpose nor can we start indiscriminate use of fertilizers and water. The only solution is to increase the yield per hectare in India.' We need to
The following section has been copied from Wikipedia article on Agriculture in India
The following table presents the twenty most important agricultural produce in India, by economic value, in 2009. Included in the table is the average productivity of India's farms for each produce. For context and comparison, included is the average of the most productive farms in the world and name of country where the most productive farms existed in 2010. The table suggests India has large potential for further accomplishments from productivity increases, in increased agricultural output and agricultural incomes.
|Economic value||Unit price|| Average yield, India
| World's most productive farms|
|Rank||Produce||(2009 prices, US$)||(US$ / kilogram)||(tons per hectare)||(tons per hectare)||Country|
|2||Buffalo milk||$25.07 billion||0.4||1.7||1.9||Pakistan|
|3||Cow milk||$14.09 billion||0.31||1.2||10.3||Israel|
|5||Sugar cane||$8.61 billion||0.03||66||125||Peru|
|6||Mangoes||$8.12 billion||0.6||6.3||40.6||Cape Verde|
|10||Fresh Vegetables||$5.28 billion||0.19||13.4||76.8||USA|
|12||Buffalo meat||$3.84 billion||2.69||0.138||0.424||Thailand|
|15||Chick peas||$2.83 billion||0.4||0.9||2.8||China|
|16||Fresh fruits||$2.79 billion||0.35||7.6||23.9||Israel|
|19||Cattle meat||$2.39 billion||2.7||0.1||0.42||Japan|
The Statistics Office of the Food and Agriculture Organization reported that, per final numbers for 2009, India had grown to become the world's largest producer of the following agricultural produce:
Although agriculture in India has shown an increase in average agricultural output per hectare in last 60 years, much more needs to be accomplished to reach the top-ranking countries and ensure our food safety. The table below presents average farm productivity in India over three farming years for some crops. Improving road and power generation infrastructure, knowledge gains and reforms has allowed India to increase farm productivity between 40% to 500% over 40 years. India's recent accomplishments in crop yields while being impressive, are still just 30% to 60% of the best crop yields achievable in the farms of developed as well as other developing countries. Additionally, despite these gains in farm productivity, losses after harvest due to poor infrastructure and unorganized retail cause India to experience some of the highest food losses in the world.
|Crop||Average YIELD, 1970-1971||Average YIELD, 1990-1991||Average YIELD, 2010–2011|
|kilogram per hectare||kilogram per hectare||kilogram per hectare|
One study suggests Indian agricultural policy should best focus on improving rural infrastructure primarily in form of irrigation and flood control infrastructure, knowledge transfer in forms of better yielding and more disease resistant seeds with the goal of sustainably producing as many kilograms of food staples per hectare as already produced sustainably in other nations. Additionally, cold storage, hygienic food packaging and efficient modern retail to reduce waste can also dramatically improve India’s agricultural output availability and rural incomes.
The low productivity in India is a result of the following factors:
|What plagues Indian agriculture||Problems of small scare-farmers||Organic farming in India|
Only 15 articles are shown in this list. A total of 59 articles in the database as of this moment. For the complete list, click on further results on the bottom right corner of the above table.
|Title||Principal crops of India and problems with Indian agriculture||Article is on this general topic||Biodiversity data||Author||Gaurav Moghe|
|Specific location(s) where study was conducted||Not noted||General region where study was conducted||Not noted||State where study was conducted||Pan-India|
|Institutional affiliation||Not noted||Institution located at||Not noted||Institution based around||Not noted|
|Species Group||Plants||User ID||User:Gauravm||Page creation date||2012/02/18|
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