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Glycyrrhiza glabra
Ailment Diabetes  + , Hypertension  + , Hepatitis  + , Irritable bowel syndrome  +
Ailment type Infectious diseases  + , Pains and Inflammation  + , Systemic disorders  + , Organ-specific disorders  + , Cancer  +
Biotic zone Northwestern Himalayas + , Indo-Gangetic Plain +
Bloom type Perennial +
Class Magnoliopsida +
Commercial application Human consumption  + , Medicinal use  +
Common Indian names मुलेठी Mulethi, जेठीमध Jethi-madh, Kubas-sमुलेठी Mulethi, जेठीमध Jethi-madh, Kubas-susa, Mithilakdi (Hindi); Atimadhura, Jestamaddu (Kannada); Atimadhuram, Erattimadhuram (Malayalam); ज्येष्ठ-मध Jyjashtimadh (Marathi); Jalayashti, Klitaka, Madhu, Madhu-yashtikam (Sanskrit); Adimaduram (Tamil); Athimathuram (Telugu); Mulhatti, mulathi (Urdu)athuram (Telugu); Mulhatti, mulathi (Urdu)  +
Common hindi name मुलेठी Mulethi  +
Common name Cultivated Liquorice, Sweetwood  +
Division/Phylum Magnoliophyta +
Family Fabaceae +
Flower color Lavender/Purple  +
Flower shape Papilionaceous (Pea-shaped) +
Food plant part Root  +
Food use Yes  +
Genus Glycyrrhiza +
Header caption Mulethi  +
Header image Koeh-207.jpg  +
IUCN status Not Evaluated  +
Introdescription Liquorice or licorice is the root of Glycyrrhiza glabra from which a sweet flavour can be extracted. The liquorice plant is a legume (related to beans and peas) that is native to southern Europe and parts of Asia.  +
Leaf blade type Compound  +
Leaf petiole type Petiolated  +
Leaf phyllotaxy Alternate  +
Leaf shape Pinnately compound  +
Medicinal molecular basis Yes  +
Medicinal molecular basis description Hepatoprotective mechanisms of the active Hepatoprotective mechanisms of the active compound glycyrrhizic acid have been documented in mice (Lee, 2007) Recently researchers have demonstrated that doses of licorice root extract, delivering the constituent glycyrrhizin in amounts similar to that contained in standard medical doses of the root, rapidly and significantly lowered levels of circulating testosterone in males (Medherb) Glycyrrhizin inhibits liver cell injury caused by many chemicals and is used in the treatment of chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis in Japan. It also inhibits the growth of several DNA and RNA viruses, inactivating herpes simplex virus particles irreversibly.rpes simplex virus particles irreversibly.  +
Medicinal significance Yes  +
Medicinal system Ayurveda + , Unani + , Folk Medicine + , Modern Medicine +
Medicinal use description Root is sweet, refrigerant, tonic, aphrodiRoot is sweet, refrigerant, tonic, aphrodisiac, alexeteric, diuretic; good for eye; improves taste; lessens hiccups, vomiting; heals ulcers, wounds; improves voice; purifies blood; used in leprosy, anemia; abdominal pains, epilesy (Ayurveda). The root relieves thirst, cough, vomiting, asthma, bronchistis, abdominal colic, headache; cures eye troubles, unhealthy humours, ulcers. Leaves are used for scalds of the head, and in foul perspiration of the armpits (Unani). foul perspiration of the armpits (Unani).  +
Name meaning Liquorice is in fact the root of this planLiquorice is in fact the root of this plant, which is sweet in taste due to presence of compound anethole and glycyrrhizin, the latter being sweeter than sugar. The Hindi word मुलेठी Mulethi also probably is derived from the root Mool, which means root. The name 'liquorice'/'licorice' is derived (via the Old French licoresse), from the Ancient Greek glukurrhiza, meaning 'sweet root'.t Greek glukurrhiza, meaning 'sweet root'.  +
Order Fabales +
Page creation date 4 August 2010  +
Plant commercial Yes  +
Plant commercial part Root  +
Plant medicinal part Root  + , Leaves  +
Plant toxic effect details The most widely reported side effects of gThe most widely reported side effects of glycyrrhizin use are hypertension and edema (water retention). These effects are related to the inhibition of cortisol metabolism within the kidney, and the subsequent stimulation of the mineralocorticoid receptors. Thus, consumption of black licorice can mimic disorders of excess aldosterone. Large doses of glycyrrhizinic acid and glycyrrhetinic acid in liquorice extract can lead to hypokalemia and serious increases in blood pressure, a syndrome known as apparent mineralocorticoid excess. These side effects stem from the inhibition of the enzyme 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (type 2) and subsequent increase in activity of cortisol on the kidney. 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase normally inactivates cortisol in the kidney; thus, liquorice's inhibition of this enzyme makes the concentration of cortisol appear to increase. Cortisol acts at the same receptor as the hormone aldosterone in the kidney and the effects mimic aldosterone excess, although aldosterone remains low or normal during liquorice overdose. To decrease the chances of these serious side effects, deglycyrrhizinated liquorice preparations are available. The disabling of similar enzymes in the gut by glycyrrhizinic acid and glycyrrhetinic acid also causes increased mucus and decreased acid secretion. It inhibits Helicobacter pylori, is used as an aid for healing stomach and duodenal ulcers, and in moderate amounts may soothe an upset stomach.erate amounts may soothe an upset stomach.  +
Plant toxic effects Yes  +
Plant type Herb  +
Propagation method Seeds  +
Regnum Plantae +
Species name w:Glycyrrhiza glabra +
State Himachal Pradesh  + , Jammu and Kashmir  + , Punjab  +
Time of harvesting Post-monsoon  +
User ID User:Shwetankverma + , User:Gauravm +
Has queryThis property is a special property in this wiki. Glycyrrhiza glabra + , Glycyrrhiza glabra + , Glycyrrhiza glabra + , Glycyrrhiza glabra + , Glycyrrhiza glabra + , Glycyrrhiza glabra + , Glycyrrhiza glabra + , Glycyrrhiza glabra + , Glycyrrhiza glabra + , Glycyrrhiza glabra + , Glycyrrhiza glabra + , Glycyrrhiza glabra +
Categories Stubs  + , Plants  + , Species page  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 24 November 2010 05:10:44  +
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