Property:Name meaning

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Acacia concinna +Shikakai means "food for the hair. It is called so because extract of the Shikakai fruit has been traditionally used as herbal shampoo.  +
Acinonyx jubatus +The word "cheetah" is derived from the Sanskrit word citrakāyaḥ, meaning "variegated", via the Hindi चीता cītā. The genus name, Acinonyx, means "no-move-claw" in Greek, while the species name, jubatus, means "maned" in Latin, a reference to the mane found in cheetah cubs.  +
Acorus calamus +Cognates of the Latin word calamus are found in both Greek (kalamos, meaning "reed") and Sanskrit (kalama, meaning "reed" and "pen" as well as a sort of rice) — strong evidence that the word is older than all three languages and exists in their parent language, Proto-Indo European. The Arabic word qalam (meaning "pen") is likely to have been borrowed from one of these languages in antiquity, or directly from Indo-European itself.  +
Adansonia digitata +The name ''Adansonia'' honours Michel Adanson, the French naturalist and explorer who described ''A. digitata''. The specific epithet digitata refers to the fingers of a hand, which the five leaflets (typically) in each cluster bring to mind.  +
Allium sativum +The ancestry of cultivated garlic is not definitely established: according to Zohary and Hopf "A difficulty in the identification of its wild progenitor is the sterility of the cultivars", though it is thought be descendent from the species ''Allium longicuspis'', which grows wild in central and southwestern Asia. ''Allium sativum'' grow in the wild in areas where it has become naturalised. The "wild garlic", "crow garlic", and "field garlic" of Britain are members of the species ''Allium ursinum'', ''Allium vineale'', and ''Allium oleraceum'', respectively. In North America, Allium vineale (known as "wild garlic" or "crow garlic") and Allium canadense, known as "meadow garlic" or "wild garlic" and "wild onion", are common weeds in fields. One of the best-known "garlics", the so-called elephant garlic, is actually a wild leek (''Allium ampeloprasum''), and not a true garlic. Single clove garlic (also called Pearl garlic or Solo garlic) also exists, originating in the Yunnan province of China.  +
Anacardium occidentale +The name Anacardium refers to the shape of the fruit, which looks like an inverted heart (cardium means heart).  +
Artocarpus heterophyllus +Archeological findings in India have revealed that jackfruit was cultivated in India 3000 to 6000 years ago. Findings also indicate that Indian Emperor Ashoka the Great (274–237 BC) encouraged arbori-horticulture of various fruits including jackfruit. Varahamihira, the Indian astronomer, mathematician, and astrologer, wrote a chapter on the treatment of trees in his Brhat Samhita. His treatise includes a specific reference on grafting to be performed on trees such as jackfruit.  +
Axis porcinus +The hog deer gets its name from the hog-like manner in which it runs through the forests with its head hung low so that it can duck under obstacles instead of leaping over them like most other deer.  +


Barleria prionitis +Vajradanti means "Strong Teeth" in Sanskrit/Hindi (Vajra=Strong, Danta=Teeth). The name itself highlights the importance of this plant in maintaining oral health.  +
Boerhavia diffusa +The name ''Punarnava'' means that which rejuvenates or renews the body  +
Bos grunniens +The English word "yak" derives from the Tibetan (Tibetan: གཡག་; Wylie: g.yag), or gyag – in Tibetan this refers only to the male of the species, the female being called a dri or nak. In English, as in most other languages which have borrowed the word, "yak" is usually used for both sexes.  +
Boselaphus tragocamelus +The word Nilgai is derived from two Hindi/Sanskrit words - ''Nil''(Neel) meaning blue and ''gai'' meaning cow  +
Budorcas taxicolor +Bhutan selected the takin as the national animal based on both its uniqueness and its strong association with the country's religious history and mythology. According to legend, when Lama Drukpa Kunley (called "the divine madman") visited Bhutan in the 15th century, a large congregation of devotees gathered around the country to witness his magical powers. The people urged the lama to perform a miracle. However, the saint, in his usual unorthodox and outrageous way, demanded that he first be served a whole cow and a goat for lunch. He devoured these with relish and left only bones. After letting out a large and satisfied burp, he took the goat's head and stuck it onto the bones of the cow. And then with a snap of his fingers, he commanded the strange beast to rise up and graze on the mountainside. To the astonishment of the people the animal arose and ran up to the meadows to graze. This animal came to be known as the dong gyem tsey (takin).  +


Calotropis procera +The fruit is described by the Roman Jewish historian Josephus, who saw it growing near Sodom: " well as the ashes growing in their fruits; which fruits have a color as if they were fit to be eaten, but if you pluck them with your hands, they dissolve into smoke and ashes." (Whiston 1737: Book IV chapter 8 section 4) Some biblical commentators believe that the Sodom Apple may have been the poisonous gourd (or poison-tasting gourd) that led to "death in the pot" in 2 Kings 4:38–41. In this story, a well-meaning servant of the prophet Elisha gathers herbs and a large quantity of the unknown gourds, and casts them into the pot. After the outcry from the band of prophets, Elisha, instructs them to cast flour into the stew pot, and they are saved. The fibre of the Sodom Apple may have been used for the linen of the high priests.  +
Capra falconeri +The colloquial name is thought by some to be derived from the Persian word mar, meaning snake, and khor, meaning "eating", which is sometimes interpreted to either represent the species' ability to kill snakes, or as a reference to its corkscrewing horns, which are somewhat reminiscent of coiling snakes. As the folklore goes, Markhor has the ability to kill the snake and eat it thereafter while chewing the cud, foam like substance comes out of the mouth of the animal which drops on ground and dries. People search for such dried foam material which is said to be very useful in extracting snake poison from snake bitten wounds.  +
Catharanthus roseus +Sadabahar and Sadaphuli mean "Always in the bloom". Nayantara means "Gem of the eye"  +
Cedrus deodara +he specific epithet and English vernacular name derive from the Sanskrit term devadāru, which means "wood of the gods", a compound of deva (god) and dāru (wood).  +
Cervus eldi +The scientific name ''Cervus eldi'' was coined in 1844 in honour of Lt. Percy Eld – a British officer.  +
Cinnamomum tamala +The Hindi name Tejpatta means "Intense leaf". The name tries to highlight the intense flavoring conferred by the leaf, which is added to Indian dishes as a spice. The Linnean species name ''tamala'' comes from the Indian word for the leaf '''तमाल पत्र Tamaal patra'''.  +
Cocos nucifera +Coconuts received the name from Portuguese explorers, the sailors of Vasco da Gama in India, who first brought them to Europe. The brown and hairy surface of coconuts reminded them of a ghost or witch called Coco. Before it was called nux indica, a name given by Marco Polo in 1280 while in Sumatra, taken from the Arabs who called it جوز هندي jawz hindī. Both names translate to "Indian nut." When coconuts arrived in England, they retained the coco name and nut was added.  +
Coriandrum sativum +The Name coriander is derived from the French word coriandre (Latin coriandrum).  +
Cyperus rotundus +The word cyperus derives from the Greek "κύπερος" (kuperos) and rotundus is from Latin, meaning "round". The earliest attested form of the word cyperus is the Mycenaean Greek ku-pa-ro, written in Linear B syllabic script  +


Elettaria cardamomum +The word cardamom is derived from the Latin "cardamomum",the romanization of the Greek "καρδάμωμον" (kardamomon), in turn from "κάρδαμον" (kardamon), "cress" + "ἄμωμον" (amomon), a kind of an Indian spice plant. The earliest attested form of the word kardamon is the Mycenaean Greek ka-da-mi-ja, written in Linear B syllabic script. (Wikipedia Cardamom) Cardamom, popularly known as ‘Queen of Spices’, is the dried fruit of the tall perennial herbaceous plant Elettaria cardamomum Maton, belonging to the family Zingiberaceae. The generic name is probably derived from the ancient Tamil word ‘elattari’ meaning the seed of ‘Elam’ (Sasya Sampada) It is said that cardamom grew in the gardens of King of Babylon in 720 BC. The ancient Egyptians chewed cardamom to whiten their teeth and simultaneously sweeten their breath. Indian Ayurvedic Medicine used the spice to ‘remove fat’ and as a cure for urinary and skin complaints. Recommended by Apicius, a famous Roman epicure, to counteract over indulgence. Used in Saudi Arabia for preparing traditional coffee – cardamom drink called ‘Gahwa’, which is given to visitors as a symbol of Arab hospitality and as an inducement to tranquil thoughts. It is a tradition that the ritual of coffee is not disturbed by discussion of business terms, and so negotiations are not entered into until the coffee has been sipped and enjoyed in peace. Gahwa is made from roasted green coffee beans, crushed with brass pestle and mortar and put into a small brass coffee maker with hot water, broken cardamom pods, cardamom seeds, sugar and a pinch of ground cloves. The coffee is then boiled for 2-3 minutes, strained and served ‘black’ in delicate little cups (Sasya Sampada)  +


Felis manul +The cat is named after the naturalist Peter Simon Pallas, who first described the species in 1776.  +


Glycyrrhiza glabra +Liquorice is in fact the root of this plant, which is sweet in taste due to presence of compound anethole and glycyrrhizin, the latter being sweeter than sugar. The Hindi word मुलेठी Mulethi also probably is derived from the root Mool, which means root. The name 'liquorice'/'licorice' is derived (via the Old French licoresse), from the Ancient Greek glukurrhiza, meaning 'sweet root'.  +
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