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Plants > Medicinal system where the use is described: Unani & Is the plant used in food preparations?: Yes

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 Common nameCommon hindi nameIntrodescription
Acorus calamusSweet Flag, calamus, flagroot, sweet cane, sweet grass, sweetroot, sweet rushबच Bach, घोरबच Ghorbach, सफ़ेद बच Safed bach''Acorus calamus'', commonly known as sweet flag or calamus (Sanskrit : Haimavati, हैमवती, Vacha, वचा ) and various rushes and sedges,is a plant from the ''Acoraceae'' family, in the genus ''Acorus''. It is a tall perennial wetland monocot with scented leaves and more strongly scented rhizomes, which have been used medicinally, for its odor, and as an allegedly psychotropic drug. Its Sanskrit name is vacha. Probably indigenous to India, ''Acorus calamus'' is now found across Europe, in southern Russia, northern Asia Minor, southern Siberia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Burma, Sri Lanka, Australia, as well as southern Canada and Northern USA, where it may be mistaken for the native ''Acorus americanus''. (Source:Wikipedia)
Allium sativumCultivated Garlicलेह्सन Lehsan''Allium sativum'', commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion family ''Alliaceae''. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, and rakkyo. Garlic has been used throughout history for both culinary and medicinal purposes. The garlic plant's bulb is the most commonly used part of the plant.
Azadirachta indicaNeemनीम NeemNeem is a tropical and sub-tropical plant which is highly drought resistant. The plant has several medicinal and commercial applications and finds significance in Hinduism. Neem cultivation also has a role to play in agriculture and pest management.
Crocus sativusSaffronकेसर Kesar
Glycyrrhiza glabraCultivated Liquorice, Sweetwoodमुलेठी MulethiLiquorice or licorice is the root of Glycyrrhiza glabra from which a sweet flavour can be extracted. The liquorice plant is a legume (related to beans and peas) that is native to southern Europe and parts of Asia.
Mimusops elengiSpanish cherry, Bullet woodबकुल Bakul, मौलसरी MaulsariThe tree is used in rest of the world for its hard wood. In India, it is also used to make garlands from its fragrant flowers. It finds use in many Ayurvedic products. especially those for oral health. Lord Krishna is said to have played his flute under ''Bakul'' trees attracting young women. The tree is said to flower when sprinkled with nectar from the mouths of beautiful women. (Source: Wikipedia, Flowers of India)
Phyllanthus emblicaIndian Gooseberry, Amlaआमला Amla''Phyllanthus emblica'' or Indian Gooseberry is a species commonly known for its fruit called Amla. The fruit has one of the highest concentrations of Vitamin C (160 times more than apple) and thus is reputed as a strong antioxidant. Amla finds uses in many medicinal and cosmetic products, especially those for hair such as hair oils and tonics. Amla fruit is used in Indian cooking mainly as pickles or as mouth-freshners. It is also a constituent of the popular '''Dabur Chawanprash'''.
Syzygium cuminiJava plum, Jamunजामुन JamunJambul (''Syzygium cumini'') is an evergreen tropical tree in the flowering plant family ''Myrtaceae'', native to Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Indonesia. The word 'Jambul' is sometimes mistranslated as 'Blackberry', which is a different fruit. Historically, the tree was exclusive to the Indian Sub-continent, and so widespread across the region that one of the old names of India (or the Indian region) is Jambu-Dvipa (literally: the island of jambul fruit). It is now also grown in other areas of southern and southeastern Asia including the Philippines, Myanmar, south of Iran and Afghanistan.
Zingiber officinaleGarden gingerअदरक Adrak''Zingiber officinale'' or Ginger is a plant native to India. India is the largest producer of ginger, accounting for 30% of the world production. It is closely related to Turmeric and Cardamom. Ginger is widely used in India and around the world in cooking and for medicinal purposes.

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