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Plants > General types of ailment for which the plant is used: Infectious diseases

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 Common nameCommon hindi nameIntrodescription
Acacia concinnaSoap podशिकाकाई Shikakai''Acacia concinna'' or Shikakai is used in India in a variety of hair-care products. The bark of the plant contains a high level of Saponins which give the extract a foaming and cleansing characteristic. It belongs to the ''Acacia'' genus which has over 1100 members around the world.(AHS Encyclopedia)
Acacia niloticaArabic Gum, Black Piquant, Egyptian thorn, Prickly acaciaबबूल Babool,कीकर KikarThis tree is a native to Africa. Many tribes in Africa use it for medicinal purposes such as to treat cough, diarrhoea, dysentry etc. The tree is thorny and makes a good hedge for agricultural fields to keep out grazing animals. ''Acacia nilotica'' is considered an invasive species in some parts of the world (eg: Australia) as it grows very well even under low water conditions. (Source: Wikipedia)
Acacia sinuataPiquant SappanShikakai''Acacia sinuata'' or Piquant Sappan is a plant closely related to ''Acacia concinna'' or Shikakai. The plant is used for its high saponin content in many haircare products. Pods are used for making marks on forehead in Hinduism. (Source:Himalaya Healthcare monograph)
Allium sativumCultivated Garlicलेह्सन Lehsan''Allium sativum'', commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion family ''Alliaceae''. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, and rakkyo. Garlic has been used throughout history for both culinary and medicinal purposes. The garlic plant's bulb is the most commonly used part of the plant.
Artocarpus heterophyllusJackfruitकटहल
Azadirachta indicaNeemनीम NeemNeem is a tropical and sub-tropical plant which is highly drought resistant. The plant has several medicinal and commercial applications and finds significance in Hinduism. Neem cultivation also has a role to play in agriculture and pest management.
Barleria prionitisPorcupine flowerवज्राद्नती Vajradanti''Barleria prionitis'' or Vajradanti has been used in India for a long time for many medicinal purposes. Its chief use is in treating oral disorders like gingivitis, dental caries and is commonly used in Ayurvedic mouthwashes, creams and pastes.
Boswellia serrataIndian OlibanumKundur, Luban, Salai''Boswellia serrata'' is Indian frankincense. It is also called Salai in Hindi and Indian Olibanum in English. It is found in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh & Andhara Pradesh in India. In Ayurvedic medicine, this plant has been used for hundreds of years for treating arthritis.
Cedrus deodaraDeodar CedarदेओदारThese are evergreen conifers known for their ornamental value and broadly used as timber. their wood has aromatic smell with red or red-tinged colour and is decay-resistant and insect-repellent.
Cinnamomum tamalaIndian Bay Leaf, Indian cassia, Indian cassia bark, Tamala cassia, Malabar Leafतेजपत्ता tejpatta''Cinnamomum tamala'' or Indian Bark is a commonly used plant known by the name '''Tejpatta''' in India. It is native to India. The leaves of the species are used as a popular spice in several Indian dishes, particularly in Northern India. The leaves have a cinnamon-like aroma (as the species name would suggest). The bark of this tree is also used as a spice. The leaves are also used in the perfume industry for their fragrance.
Cocos nuciferaCoconutनारियल Naariyal
Curcuma longaCommon Turmericहल्दी Haldi''Curcuma longa'' or Turmeric is a plant with high medicinal and cultural value in India. The rhizome of the plant has medicinal properties. The dried root is ground into a powder which is used on several religious occasions in Hinduism. India is the largest producer of Turmeric in the world. (Adapted from Wikipedia)
Eclipta prostrata''Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk.'' (syn. ''Eclipta prostrata L.''), commonly known as False Daisy , and Bhringraj, is a plant belonging to the family ''Asteraceae''. It is widely distributed throughout India, China, Thailand, and Brazil. In ayurvedic medicine, the leaf extract is considered a powerful liver tonic, rejuvenative, and especially good for the hair. A black dye obtained from Eclipta alba is used for dyeing hair and tattooing. Eclipta alba also has traditional external uses, like athlete foot, eczema and dermatitis, on the scalp to address hair loss and the leaves have been used in the treatment of scorpion stings. It is used as anti-venom against snakebite in China and Brazil. It is reported to improve hair growth and colour. (Source:Wikipedia)
Embelia ribesEmbelia, False Black Pepper, False PepperVayavidnag, Baberang''Embelia ribes'', commonly known as False Black Pepper or White-flowered ''Embelia'', is a species in the ''Myrsinaceae''. It was originally described by Nicolaas Laurens Burman in his 1768 publication, Flora Indica. It is a plant of medicinal importance. It has been described by Shushruta as an antihelmenthic in combination with Liquorice root. Modern research has also shown it to be effective against tapeworm infection.
Equisetum ramosissimumBranched Horsetail
Glycyrrhiza glabraCultivated Liquorice, Sweetwoodमुलेठी MulethiLiquorice or licorice is the root of Glycyrrhiza glabra from which a sweet flavour can be extracted. The liquorice plant is a legume (related to beans and peas) that is native to southern Europe and parts of Asia.
Hygrophila auriculataHygrophila, Temple plant, Marsh Barbelतालीम ख़ाना Talim Khana''Hygrophila auriculata'' is belongs to the genus ''Hygrophila'' whose identity as a separate genus is still debated. ''H. auriculata'' is an aquatic, perennial herb which has medicinal properties in treating liver ailments according to Ayurveda.
Madhuca longifoliaMahuaमहुआ Mahua''Madhuca longifolia'', commonly known as mahwa or mahua, is an Indian tropical tree found largely in the central and north Indian plains and forests. It is a fast growing tree that grows to approximately 20 meters in height, possesses evergreen or semi-evergreen foliage, and belongs to the family ''Sapotaceae''. It is adapted to arid environments, being a prominent tree in tropical mixed deciduous forests in India in the states of Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Gujarat and Orissa (Source: Wikipedia)
Mangifera indicaMangoआम Am''Mangifera indica'' or Mango is a very popular fruit in India and all parts of the world. It is famous for its bright yellow color and exquisite taste. The most popular variety of Indian mango is the "Alphonso".It is a crop of great economic importance to India and is cultivated in many parts of the country.
Mimusops elengiSpanish cherry, Bullet woodबकुल Bakul, मौलसरी MaulsariThe tree is used in rest of the world for its hard wood. In India, it is also used to make garlands from its fragrant flowers. It finds use in many Ayurvedic products. especially those for oral health. Lord Krishna is said to have played his flute under ''Bakul'' trees attracting young women. The tree is said to flower when sprinkled with nectar from the mouths of beautiful women. (Source: Wikipedia, Flowers of India)
Murraya exoticaChinese box, Orange JasmineKamini कामिनीThis species is used sometimes as an ornamental plant in India and has a medicinal use. ''Murraya exotica'' is related to ''Murraya koenigii'' or Curry plant, which is used as a spice in Indian foods. ''M. exotica'' leaves, on the other hand, have a citrus flavor.
Nelumbo nuciferaWater Lily, Lotus, Sacred Lotus, East Indian Lotusकमल KamalThe Indian Lotus, also known as the Sacred Lotus, is a culturally significant plant in many Asian cultures in general and Indian culture in particular. It is a plant native to the Indian subcontinent, but now is found as an ornamental plant worldwide. The Lotus is considered a symbol of devotion and purity. It is the seat of Goddess Lakshmi, Goddess Saraswati, Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma. The flowers of Lotus have several medicinal properties as per Ayurveda. '''Lotus is also the national flower of India.'''
Ocimum tenuiflorumHoly Basil, Indian Basilतुलसी Tulsi''Ocimum tenuiflorum'' or Tulsi is one of the most sacred plants in Hinduism. The plant has several medicinal properties. It is found throughout India.
Phyllanthus emblicaIndian Gooseberry, Amlaआमला Amla''Phyllanthus emblica'' or Indian Gooseberry is a species commonly known for its fruit called Amla. The fruit has one of the highest concentrations of Vitamin C (160 times more than apple) and thus is reputed as a strong antioxidant. Amla finds uses in many medicinal and cosmetic products, especially those for hair such as hair oils and tonics. Amla fruit is used in Indian cooking mainly as pickles or as mouth-freshners. It is also a constituent of the popular '''Dabur Chawanprash'''.
Rauvolfia serpentinaIndian snakeroot, Serpentine woodसर्पगंधा Sarpagandha''Rauvolfia serpentina'' or snakewood is a plant native to India. The genus is also called ''Rauwolfia'', but the name ''Rauvolfia'' is the one accepted by the Species 2000 project, an official international species nomenclature agency. ''Rauvolfia serpentina'' is a popular folk medicine for diabetes and high blood pressure. It also has tranquilizing properties and is used as an antipsychotic drug, for curing schizophrenia and against snakebites.
Sesamum indicumSesameGingli, Til
Urginea indicaindian squilljangli-piyazplants of this species are found globally from Tropical Africa to Myanmar. In India, it is found throughout the plains and in the dry hills of the lower Himalayas . It uses as medicine dats back to sixth century before Christ, e.g; Oxymel of Squill, used for coughs, was invented by Pythagoras.
Withania somniferaIndian Ginseng, Winter cherryअश्वगंधा Ashwagandha

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