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Plants > Biotic zones inhabited : Eastern Ghats or Outlying Islands or None

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 Common nameCommon hindi nameIntrodescription
Acacia concinnaSoap podशिकाकाई Shikakai''Acacia concinna'' or Shikakai is used in India in a variety of hair-care products. The bark of the plant contains a high level of Saponins which give the extract a foaming and cleansing characteristic. It belongs to the ''Acacia'' genus which has over 1100 members around the world.(AHS Encyclopedia)
Aconitum bisma
Acrostichum aureumGolden leatherfern, Mangrove fern''Acrostrichum'' species generally inhabit warm and tropical regions. There are only 2-3 species known. (Source: Cook). This species grows profusely in mangroves and hence is also called Mangrove Fern.
Adhatoda zeylanica
Albizia lebbeck
Alpinia abundiflora''Alpinia abundiflora'' belongs to the Ginger family ''(Zingiberaceae)''. DNA sequence-based methods have shown that this genus is polyphyletic. It is represented by six clades distributed across the tribe Alpinieae. Further research is needed to specify the taxa in this genus. The plants are native to SE Asia and are grown for their ornamental flashy flowers.
Alpinia conchigera
Alpinia galanga
Alpinia malaccensis
Alternanthera sessilis
Amomum subulatum
Anatherum zizanioides
Andropogon muricatus
Anethum graveolens
Anethum sowa
Apium graveolens
Areca catechu
Argyreia nervosa
Argyreia speciosa
Arundo donax
Asparagus adscendens
Asparagus racemosus
Asteracantha longifolia
Azadirachta indicaNeemनीम NeemNeem is a tropical and sub-tropical plant which is highly drought resistant. The plant has several medicinal and commercial applications and finds significance in Hinduism. Neem cultivation also has a role to play in agriculture and pest management.
Azolla pinnataMosquito fern, Duckweed fern, Fairy moss, Water fern
Bacopa monnieri
Balsamodendron mukul
Bambusa arundinacea
Benincasa cerifera
Benincasa hispida
Berberis aristata
Bergenia ciliata
Bergenia ligulata
Betula utilis
Bignonia undulata
Blepharis edulis
Blepharis persica
Boerhaavia diffusa
Bombax ceiba
Bombax malabaricum
Butea frondosa
Caesalpinia bonducella
Caesalpinia digyna
Calendula officinalis
Capparis spinosa
Capsicum annuum
Carum carvi
Carum copticum
Casearia esculenta
Cassia fistula
Cassia occidentalis
Catharanthus roseusTiny Periwinkle, Vincaसदाबहार Sadabaha''Catharanthus'' is a genus of eight species, mostly annuals and perennials native to Madagascar. Only ''C. roseus'' is widely cultivated. popular varieties include '''Cooler Series, Pacifica seres,Pacifica Punch,Parasol,Pretty Series and Pretty Series "Pretty in Rose"'''.(Source:AHS Encyclopedia)
Celastrus paniculatus
Centelia asiatica
Centella asiatica
Cicer arietinum
Cichorium intybus
Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum cassia
Cinnamomum verum
Cinnamomum zeylanicum
Cissampelos pareira
Citrus limon
Citrus medica
Citrus reticulata
Cocos nuciferaCoconutनारियल Naariyal
Coleus vettiveroides
Commiphora wightii
Convolvulus microphyllus
Convolvulus pluricaulis
Crataeva magna
Crataeva nurvala
Cucumis sativus
Cuminum cyminum
Curcuma longaCommon Turmericहल्दी Haldi''Curcuma longa'' or Turmeric is a plant with high medicinal and cultural value in India. The rhizome of the plant has medicinal properties. The dried root is ground into a powder which is used on several religious occasions in Hinduism. India is the largest producer of Turmeric in the world. (Adapted from Wikipedia)
Cynodon dactylon
Cyperus scariosus
Desmodium gangeticum
Didymocarpus pedicellata
Emblica officinalis
Evolvulus alsinoides
Ficus benghalensis
Foeniculum vulgare
Gaultheria fragrantissima
Gloriosa suprba
Gmelina arborea
Gossypium herbaceum
Gossypium indicum
Gymnema sylvestre
Hedychium spicatum
Helianthus annus
Hemidesmus indicus
Hibiscus abelmoschus
Hiptage benghalensisHiptage, Helicopter flowerमाधवी लता Madhavi Lata, अतिमुक्त Atimukta''Hiptage benghalensis'' is a plant native to India and South-East Asia. It forms woody creepers called '''lianas''' and spreads quite rapidly, making thickets and smothering vegetation. Thus, it is considered a weed in many parts of the world. In India, this plant has mythological association with Lord Krishna in Vrindavan. It is also cultivated for its fragrant and beautiful flowers.
Holarrhena antidysenterica
Hyoscyamus niger
Hyssopus officinalis
Inula racemosa
Ipomea batatus
Ipomoea turpethum
Isoetes coromandelinaClub Moss, QuillwortThe genus ''Isoetes'' consists of more than 130 species. Fourteen endemic species have been described in India. The ranges of most of these species overlap each other, and there's no consensus about their specific limits. This entry, thus, may encompass information about more than one species and inter-species hybrids.
Jasminum grandiflorum
Jasminum officinaleCommon Jasmine, Poet's Jasmine, Spanish Jasmineचमेली ChameliJasmine is one of the most famous flowers growing in tropical regions. It is a native of the Indian subcontinent. It is widely used for ornamental as well as medicinal purposes. According to old Indian texts, a Jasmine flower is the most precious flower of all. Jasmine is the national flower of Pakistan.
Juglans regia
Lactuca scariola
Lactuca serriola
Lens culinaris
Leptadenia reticulata
Lilium polyphyllum
Linum usitatissimum
Lycopersicon esculentum
Malva sylvestris
Mangifera indicaMangoआम Am''Mangifera indica'' or Mango is a very popular fruit in India and all parts of the world. It is famous for its bright yellow color and exquisite taste. The most popular variety of Indian mango is the "Alphonso".It is a crop of great economic importance to India and is cultivated in many parts of the country.
Marsilea minutaDwarf waterclover, Small watercloverचौपतिरा Chaupatira''Marsilea minuta'' is a highly plastic and variable pteridophyte. Other species, namely, ''M. brachycarpa'', ''M. brachypus'', ''M. gracilenta'' and ''M. maheshwari'' also fall within the range of variation and probably are different environmentally induced phenotypes (Cook). All Marsilea species are found in Africa and in India highlighting the fact that India was once upon a time connected to Madagascar.
Melaleuca leucadendron
Mentha arvensis
Mentha piperata
Mentha spicata
Mesua ferreaCobra saffron, Ceylon ironwood, Indian rose chestnutनाग चम्पा Nag champa, नागकेसर NagkesarThis species is the national tree of Sri Lanka. The geography of Sri Lanka is quite similar to the South western regions of India. In fact, part of the Western Ghat seems to extend to Sri Lanka. ''Mesua ferrea'' is used in Indian cooking, as a medicine, for its fragrance and in the industry for its wood. Some people have noted the psychedelic effects of the fragrance of Nag Champa. The incense sticks made from the flowers of this plant are popular worldwide for their intense fragrance.
Mimosa pudica
Mimusops elengiSpanish cherry, Bullet woodबकुल Bakul, मौलसरी MaulsariThe tree is used in rest of the world for its hard wood. In India, it is also used to make garlands from its fragrant flowers. It finds use in many Ayurvedic products. especially those for oral health. Lord Krishna is said to have played his flute under ''Bakul'' trees attracting young women. The tree is said to flower when sprinkled with nectar from the mouths of beautiful women. (Source: Wikipedia, Flowers of India)
Momordica charantia
Moringa pterygosperma
Mucuna pruriens
Murraya exoticaChinese box, Orange JasmineKamini कामिनीThis species is used sometimes as an ornamental plant in India and has a medicinal use. ''Murraya exotica'' is related to ''Murraya koenigii'' or Curry plant, which is used as a spice in Indian foods. ''M. exotica'' leaves, on the other hand, have a citrus flavor.
Myristica fragrans
Nardostachys jatamansi
Nelumbo nuciferaWater Lily, Lotus, Sacred Lotus, East Indian Lotusकमल KamalThe Indian Lotus, also known as the Sacred Lotus, is a culturally significant plant in many Asian cultures in general and Indian culture in particular. It is a plant native to the Indian subcontinent, but now is found as an ornamental plant worldwide. The Lotus is considered a symbol of devotion and purity. It is the seat of Goddess Lakshmi, Goddess Saraswati, Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma. The flowers of Lotus have several medicinal properties as per Ayurveda. '''Lotus is also the national flower of India.'''
Nepeta hindostana
Nigella sativa
Ocimum tenuiflorumHoly Basil, Indian Basilतुलसी Tulsi''Ocimum tenuiflorum'' or Tulsi is one of the most sacred plants in Hinduism. The plant has several medicinal properties. It is found throughout India.
Olea europaea
Onosma bracteatum
Operculina turpethum
Orchis mascula
Origanum marjorana
Oroxylum indicum
Oryza sativa
Papaver rhoeas
Parmelia perlata
Peganum harmala
Peucedanum graveolens
Phaseolus trilobus
Phoenix dactylifera
Phyllanthus amarus
Phyllanthus emblicaIndian Gooseberry, Amlaआमला Amla''Phyllanthus emblica'' or Indian Gooseberry is a species commonly known for its fruit called Amla. The fruit has one of the highest concentrations of Vitamin C (160 times more than apple) and thus is reputed as a strong antioxidant. Amla finds uses in many medicinal and cosmetic products, especially those for hair such as hair oils and tonics. Amla fruit is used in Indian cooking mainly as pickles or as mouth-freshners. It is also a constituent of the popular '''Dabur Chawanprash'''.
Phyllanthus niruri
Picrorhiza kurroa
Pinus longifolia
Pinus roxburghii
Piper nigrum
Pistacia integerrima
Pistacia vera
Plumbago zeylanica
Pongamia glabra
Pongamia pinnata
Premna integrifolia
Prunus amygdalus
Psoralea coryfolia
Psoralea corylifolia
Pterocarpus marsupium
Punica granatum
Pyrus malus
Quercus infectoria
Rauvolfia nitida
Rauvolfia serpentinaIndian snakeroot, Serpentine woodसर्पगंधा Sarpagandha''Rauvolfia serpentina'' or snakewood is a plant native to India. The genus is also called ''Rauwolfia'', but the name ''Rauvolfia'' is the one accepted by the Species 2000 project, an official international species nomenclature agency. ''Rauvolfia serpentina'' is a popular folk medicine for diabetes and high blood pressure. It also has tranquilizing properties and is used as an antipsychotic drug, for curing schizophrenia and against snakebites.
Rhinacanthus nasutus
Ricinus communis
Rosa centifolia
Rosa damascena
Rosmarinus officinalis
Rubia cordifolia
Rumex maritimus
Ruta graveolens
Santalum albumIndian Sandalwood, White Sandalwoodचन्दन ChandanSandalwood is an economically important plant and has been cultivated for several centuries for the fragrance of its oil. Due to extensive and sometimes, illegal cutting of native Sandalwood trees, this species has become vulnerable to extinction. ''S. album'' is native to South/South-East Asia, possibly Indonesia. Another species ''Santalum spicatum'' is native to Australia.
Sapindus mukorossi
Sapindus trifoliatus
Saraca asoca
Saraca indicaAshokaअशोक Ashok''Saraca indica'' or the Ashoka tree is an important plant from a religious and cultural point of view in India. The tree has beautiful red flowers and a dense foliage which makes it seem stately to its devotees. The tree is a symbol of fertility in Indian culture and has been recently shown to provide relief to women during menstruation. The tree is revered in Hinduism and Buddhism and is frequently found in royal palace grounds or near temples.
Saussurea lappa
Saxifraga ligulata
Sesbania aegyptiaca
Sesbania sesban
Shorea robusta
Sida cordifolia
Solanum indicum
Solanum lycopersicum
Solanum nigrum
Solanum surattense
Sorghum bicolor
Sphaeranthus indicus
Stereospermum suaveoleans
Strychnous nux vomica
Swertia chirata
Swertia chirayita
Symplocos racemosa
Syzygium cuminii
Tamarix gallica
Tecoma stans
Tecomella undullata
Tephrosia purpurea
Teramnus labialis
Terminalia arjuna
Terminalia belerica
Terminalia bellirica
Trachyspermum ammi
Tribulus terrestris
Trigonella foenum-graecum
Triticum sativum
Uraria picta
Valeriana jatamansi
Valeriana wallichii
Vernonia cinerea
Viola odorata
Vitex negundo
Vitis vinifera
Woodfordia fruticosa
Wrightia tinctoria
Zanthoxylum alatum
Zingiber officinaleGarden gingerअदरक Adrak''Zingiber officinale'' or Ginger is a plant native to India. India is the largest producer of ginger, accounting for 30% of the world production. It is closely related to Turmeric and Cardamom. Ginger is widely used in India and around the world in cooking and for medicinal purposes.

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