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|Species name||Species name#||Common name||Common Hindi name||Family||Ailment type||Medicinal use description|
|Alpinia allughas||Alpinia allughas||Tara||Tara (Bengali)||Zingiberaceae||The plant is used in Chinese folk medicine|
|Alpinia calcarata||Alpinia calcarata||Snap Ginger, Cardamom ginger, Indian ginger||कुलंजन Kulanjan||Zingiberaceae||Pains and Inflammation||''Alpinia calcarata'' is used atleast in Sri Lanka as a folk medicine for pain relief. Some studies from University of Colombo have tried to study the effect of ethanolic extracts and hot water extracts on reproductive competence and pain relief in rats.|
|Curcuma longa||Curcuma longa||Common Turmeric||हल्दी Haldi||Zingiberaceae||Infectious diseases|
Pains and Inflammation
|Although several studies have shown efficacy of using turmeric for many diseases, reliable scientific evidence is lacking for many conditions. The important active component is a polyphenol called Curcumin. It has been shown to have antioxidant, antibiotic, antitumor, antiamyloid, antiischemic and antiinflammatory properties. '''See molecular details more more specific mode of action'''.|