Difference between revisions of "Psidium guajava"

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{{Infobox binomial classification
 
{{Infobox binomial classification
|username=Rajinikanth Mohan  
+
|username=Rajinikanth Mohan
 
|page creation date=2010/06/27
 
|page creation date=2010/06/27
 
|Species name=Psidium guajava
 
|Species name=Psidium guajava
 
|Common name=Guava
 
|Common name=Guava
|Common Indian names=Amrood (Hindi ); Koiyya (Tamil); Pera (Malayalam, Sinhala, Swahili); Peru (Marathi); Pearah (Bengali); pearaley (in Kannada);  
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|Common Indian names=Amrood (Hindi ); Koiyya (Tamil); Pera (Malayalam, Sinhala, Swahili); Peru (Marathi); Pearah (Bengali); pearaley (in Kannada);
 +
|Regnum=Plantae
 +
|Division=Magnoliophyta
 +
|Class=Magnoliopsida
 +
|Order=Myrtales
 +
|Family=Myrtaceae
 +
|Genus=Psidium
 +
}}
 +
{{Infobox plant morphology
 +
|Plant type=Woody (Tree/Shrub)
 +
|Flower color=White
 +
|Seed dispersal=Entomophily (By insects)
 +
|Bloom type=Annual
 +
|Plant general morphology=Tree
 +
Height: Over 30ft high, with spreading branches
 +
Bark: smooth, thin, copper-colored bark that peels off, revealing a greenish layer beneath
  
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|Leaf morphology=Morphology: tough dark leaves
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Phyllotaxy (arrangement): opposite
 +
Shape: oblong elliptic to ovate
 +
Margin: simple, somewhat irregular outline
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Length: 5–15 cm long, 2 3/4 to 6 in (7-15 cm) long
 +
Width:, I 'A to 2 in (3-5 cm) wide
 +
Texture: Leathery
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Petiole: Short, Quadrangular
 +
Properties: Aromatic when crushed
 +
Venation (veins): parallel, conspicuous
  
 +
|Flower morphology=Flowers
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Color: White
 +
Corolla (Petals): 5 petals
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Calyx (Sepals): 5 sepals
 +
Stamens: numerous (~250) with pale yellow anthers
 +
Fragrance: faint
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Inflorescence: single flowers
  
 +
Fruits
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Color: Green when immature; yellow and sometimes pinkish when ripe
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Odor: Strong, sweet musky odor when ripe
 +
Shape: Round or ovoid or pear-shaped
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Dimensions: 2 to 4 in (5-10 cm) long
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Skin: Thin
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Pulp: white, yellowish, light- or dark-pink or reddish, juicy; hard when unripe, softens with maturity
 +
Taste: Astringent when unripe, sweet after ripening
 +
Seeds: hard, yellowish (112-535), some guavas are seedless
 +
Special features: persistent remnants of sepals
  
 
|Regnum=Plantae
 
|Division=Magnoliophyta
 
|Class=Magnoliopsida 
 
|Order=Myrtales 
 
|Family=Myrtaceae
 
|Genus=Psidium
 
 
}}
 
}}
{{Infobox plant morphology}}
 
 
{{Infobox plant habitat spread}}
 
{{Infobox plant habitat spread}}
 
{{Infobox plant medicine religion commercial}}
 
{{Infobox plant medicine religion commercial}}

Revision as of 17:29, 27 June 2010


[edit]

Taxon Value
Regnum (Kingdom) Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Myrtales
Family Myrtaceae
Genus Psidium
Source of data '

Other closely related species

SpeciesDivisionCommon nameCommon Hindi name
Aloe veraAloe vera, Medicinal aloe, Burn plantGheekumari घीकुमारी
Acacia niloticaArabic Gum, Black Piquant, Egyptian thorn, Prickly acaciaबबूल Babool,कीकर Kikar
Saraca indicaAshokaअशोक Ashok
… further results
DivisionTaxon detailsTaxon morphology details
MagnoliophytaAlso called Angiospermae. The ancestors of flowering plants diverged from gymnosperms around 245–202 million years ago, and the first flowering plants known to exist are from 140 million years ago. They diversified enormously during the Lower Cretaceous and became widespread around 100 million years ago, but replaced conifers as the dominant trees only around 60-100 million years ago.These are seed plants like Gymnosperms, but can be differentiated by the presence of flowers, seeds containing endosperm and seeds that produce a fruit. Angiosperms are the most diverse and highly evolutionarily successful group of land plants.
SpeciesClassCommon nameCommon Hindi name
Acacia niloticaMagnoliopsidaArabic Gum, Black Piquant, Egyptian thorn, Prickly acaciaबबूल Babool,कीकर Kikar
Saraca indicaMagnoliopsidaAshokaअशोक Ashok
Adansonia digitataMagnoliopsidaBaobabGorakh imli गोरख इमली
… further results
SpeciesOrderCommon nameCommon Hindi name
Terminalia chebulaMyrtalesChebulic Myrobalan, Myrobalanहर्रा Harra, हरड़ Harad
Syzygium aromaticumMyrtalesCloveलवंग Lavang
Psidium guajavaMyrtalesGuavaअमृत Amrut, लाल-सुफ्रियम Lal-sufrium (red)
… further results
SpeciesFamilyCommon nameCommon Hindi name
Syzygium aromaticumMyrtaceaeCloveलवंग Lavang
Psidium guajavaMyrtaceaeGuavaअमृत Amrut, लाल-सुफ्रियम Lal-sufrium (red)
Syzygium cuminiMyrtaceaeJava plum, Jamunजामुन Jamun
… further results
SpeciesGenusCommon nameCommon Hindi name
Psidium guajavaPsidiumGuavaअमृत Amrut, लाल-सुफ्रियम Lal-sufrium (red)


General morphology

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
General morphological features of the plant
Number of cotyledons

Enter the number of cotyledons using the "Edit with form" button to get interesting results here

Seed dispersal mechanism
Bloom type
Life cycle of the plant

How to identify this species

For a detailed description, refer to the General Morphology details above

Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Type of plant
Plant height
Flower color
Flower shape
Phyllotaxy of leaves
Leaf shape
Is the leaf petiolated or sessile?
Is the leaf simple or compound?


Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Indian States in which the species has been documented
Locations at which the species has been documented
Biotic zones inhabited
Details about the habitat
Is this species native to India?
Is the species indigenous/endemic to Sub-Himalayan regions?
Is the species indigenous/endemic to Western Ghats?
Is the species indigenous/endemic to Eastern Ghats?

Plant is not native or native status not filled in



Does this species have any medicinal use?
Ailments for which the species is used
Medicinal systems which use this plant
Details of Medicinal use
Does this species have any religious significance?
Religions which mention/give significance to this species
Religious occasions (e.g. Diwali, Ramzan Id, Onam, Pongal etc.)
Details of religious use (Describe in as many words as you want)
Does this species have a non-food, non-medicinal application?
Commercial applications (e.g. Livestock food, Food, Medicine, Fertilizer etc.)
Details of Commercial use (Describe in as many words as you want)


Pubmed Word cloud

Enter the species name in the search box below to get the current status of biomedical knowledge about this species

This word cloud is obtained using the tool LigerCat by searching the Pubmed database. LigerCat builds the cloud from the most relevant Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms. Each term's relative size indicates how many times it appears in the PubMed search results. Click on a term to access the full LigerCat cloud, with live PubMed search capabilities. LigerCat has been developed for the Biology of Aging Project.


Parameter Value(s) References
See complete references in the References section at the end
Does this species have any kind of associated modern scientific data?
Types of modern scientific data present for this species
Details of modern scientific knowledge available for this species
Are herbarium specimen available for this species?
Institutes having herbarium samples



References